Critical problems in physics : proceedings of a conference celebrating the 250th anniversary of Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, October 31, November 1, November 2, 1996

Val L. Fitch, Daniel R. Marlow, Margit A.E. Dementi, editors

The past century has seen fantastic advances in physics, from the discovery of the electron, x-rays, and radioactivity, to the era of incredible solid state devices, computers, quarks and leptons, and the standard model. But what of the next? Many scientists think we are on the threshold of an even more exciting new era in which breakthroughs in a startling variety of directions will produce significant changes in our understanding of the natural world. In this book, a group of eminent scientists define and elaborate on these new directions. Ed Witten and Frank Wilczek discuss string theory and the future of particle physics; Donald Perkins describes the search for neutrino oscillations; Alvin Tollestrup reveals dreams of a muon collider at Fermilab to probe the heart of 'elementary' particles; and, Robert Palmer anticipates a new generation of particle accelerators.Thibault Damour reviews classical gravitation and the relevant new high-precision experiments; Kip Thorne describes the exciting future for gravitational wave astronomy; and, Paul Steinhardt examines the recent breakthroughs in observational cosmology and explains what future experiments might reveal. James Langer explores nonequilibrium statistics and relates it to the origins of complexity; Harry Swinney takes an experimentalist's view of the emergence of order in seemingly chaotic systems; and, John Hopfield describes an extremely unusual dynamical system - the human brain. Bruce Hillman, MD, discusses the recent developments in imaging techniques that have brought about outstanding advances in medical diagnostics. T V Ramakrishnan looks at high-temperature superconductors, which could eventually revolutionize the solid-state technology on which society is already highly dependent.

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[目次]

  • Preface The 1946 Conference: Then and Now 2Nonequilibrium Physics 3Dynamics, Computation, and Neurobiology 4Emergence and Evolution of Patterns 5High Temperature Superconductors 6The Ongoing Revolution in Medical Imaging 7Cosmological Challenges for the 21st Century 8Gravitation and Experiment 9Gravitational Waves 10Neutrino Oscillations 11The Tevatron 12High Energy Colliders 13Vistas in Theoretical Physics 14The Future of Particle Physics as a Natural Science

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この本の情報

書名 Critical problems in physics : proceedings of a conference celebrating the 250th anniversary of Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, October 31, November 1, November 2, 1996
著作者等 Dementi Margit A. E.
Dementi Margit Ann Elisabeth
Marlow Daniel R.
Fitch Val L.
シリーズ名 Princeton series in physics
出版元 Princeton University Press
刊行年月 c1997
ページ数 xvi, 308 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0691057842
0691057850
NCID BA33327826
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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