The history and geography of human genes

L. Luca Cavalli-Sforza, Paolo Menozzi, Alberto Piazza

Hailed as a breakthrough in the understanding of human evolution, "The History and Geography of Human Genes" offers the first full-scale reconstruction of where human populations originated and the paths by which they spread throughout the world. By mapping the worldwide geographic distribution of genes for over 110 traits in over 1800 primarily aboriginal populations, the authors charted migrations and devised a clock by which to date evolutionary history. This monumental work is now available in a more affordable paperback edition without the myriad illustrations and maps, but containing the full text and partial appendices of the authors' pathbreaking endeavor.

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  • PREFACE TO THE PAPERBACK EDITION PREFACE ACKNOWLEDGMENTS CHAPTER 1. Introduction to Concepts, Data, and Methods 1.1. Introduction 1.2. Genetic definitions 1.3. Techniques for detection of polymorphic markers 1.4. The evolution of gene frequencies 1.5. Classical attempts to distinguish human "races" 1.6. Scientific failure of the concept of human races 1.7. Identifying population units 1.8. Linguistic classification 1.9. Nature and sources of the data 1.10. Methods of analysis 1.11. Genetic distances 1.12. Phylogenetic tree analysis 1.13. Analysis of principal components (PCs) and derived methods 1.14. Geographic maps of gene frequencies 1.15. Synthetic maps 1.16. Isolation by distance 1.17. Admixtures, their estimation, and their effect on tree structure CHAPTER 2. Genetic History of World Populations 2.1. Paleoanthropological background 2.2. Early quantitative phylogenetic studies 2.3. Analysis of classical markers in forty-two selected populations 2.4. Analysis of DNA data 2.5. Comparison with archaeological data 2.6. Comparison with linguistic classifications 2.7. Importance of expansions in human evolution 2.8. Extent of genetic variation by FST analysis 2.9. Genetic variation and geographic distance 2.10. Maps of single genes 2.11. Synthetic maps of the world 2.12. Homozygosity 2.13. Correlations with climate 2.14. Area and time of origin of major mutants, with special attention to hemoglobins 2.15. A brief summary of human evolution CHAPTER 3. Africa 3.1. Geography and environment 3.2. Prehistory and history 3.3. Linguistics 3.4. Physical anthropology of modern Africans 3.5. Genetic analysis of the continent 3.6. Ethiopians, some of their neighbors, and North Africans 3.7. Khoisanids 3.8. Pygmies 3.9. Black sub-Saharan Africans 3.10. Studies of single genes 3.11. Synthetic maps of Africa 3.12. Summary of the genetic history of Africa CHAPTER 4. Asia 4.1. General introduction, geography, and environment 4.2. Prehistory and history in North Asia 4.3. Prehistory and history in Middle and Central Asia 4.4. Prehistory and history in East Asia 4.5. Prehistory and history in Southeast Asia 4.6. Prehistory and history in South Asia 4.7. Prehistory and history in West Asia 4.8. Linguistics 4.9. Physical anthropology 4.10. General genetic picture of Asia 4.11. Genetics of the Arctic 4.12. Genetics of East and Central Asia 4.13. Genetics of Southeast Asia 4.14. Genetics of South Asia (the Indian subcontinent) 4.15. Genetics of West Asia 4.16. Geographic maps of single genes 4.17. Synthetic maps of Asia 4.18. Summary of the genetic history of Asia CHAPTER 5. Europe 5.1. Geography and ecology 5.2. Prehistory and history 5.3. Linguistics 5.4. Physical anthropology 5.5. The genetic picture 5.6. Major outliers: Lapps, Sardinians, Basques, and Icelanders 5.7. Italy 5.8. France 5.9. Iberian peninsula 5.10. Single-gene maps 5.11. Synthetic maps of Europe 5.12. Interactions of genetic, archaeological, and linguistic information 5.13. Summary of the genetic history of Europe CHAPTER 6. America 6.1. eography and environment 6.2. Prehistory: occupation of America 6.3. Beginnings of agriculture 6.4. Development in North America 6.5. Development in Central America 6.6. Development in South America 6.7. Physical anthropology 6.8. Linguistics 6.9. Phylogenetic analysis of America 6.10. Phylogenetic analysis of individual tribes 6.11. Comparison of genetics with linguistics and geography 6.12. Geographic maps of single genes 6.13. Synthetic maps of America 6.14. Summary of the genetic history of America CHAPTER 7. Australia, New Guinea, and the Pacific Islands 7.1. Geography and environment 7.2. Prehistory and history 7.3. Physical anthropology 7.4. Linguistics 7.5. Genetic population structure in Oceania 7.6. Population genetics and synthetic maps of Australia 7.7. Population genetics and synthetic maps of New Guinea 7.8. Population genetics of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia 7.9. Single-gene maps of Australia and New Guinea 7.10. Single-gene maps of the Pacific Islands 7.11. Summary of the genetic history of the Pacific CHAPTER 8. Epilogue 8.1. The multidisciplinary approach 8.2. The uses of genetics in human evolutionary history 8.3. Comparison of different methods of genetic analysis 8.4. The future of this research 8.5. Genetic and linguistic evolution LITERATURE CITED INDEX

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書名 The history and geography of human genes
著作者等 Cavalli-Sforza, L. L.
Menozzi, Paolo
Piazza, Alberto
Cavalli-Sforza L.L.
シリーズ名 Princeton paperbacks
出版元 Princeton University Press
刊行年月 1996, c1994
版表示 Abridged pbk. ed.
ページ数 xiii, 413 p.
大きさ 28 cm
ISBN 0691029059
NCID BA32498197
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国