Foundations of generative syntax

Robert Freidin

This is the first entry-level introduction to generative syntax to develop a foundational approach that rationally reconstructs syntactic theory from the perspective of current research. It shows how basic grammatical concepts are incorporated into general principles that answer some of the fundamental questions of syntactic analysis, including the relationships between lexical and phrasal categories, the integration of transformations, the restricted distribution of NPs; (lexical and nonlexical), and levels of syntactic representation.The book introduces and motivates the basic components of Chomsky's principles-and-parameters theory with an extensive analysis of English and also data from a variety of other languages Beginning with simple concepts of phrase structure analysis, the text progresses systematically through the subtheories of Case, bounding, government, and predicate-argument structure (THETA-theory) to the more complicated concepts in binding theory and the analysis of empty categories. It also contains detailed discussions of overlapping conditions, a full discussion of the Principle of Lexical Satisfaction, as well as substantial material on parametric variation in bounding, Case, and binding. Many points of analysis refine the standard view. Numerous exercises reinforce and extend the concepts and analyses.Robert Freidin is Associate Professor and Director of the Program in Linguistics at Princeton University. He is editor of Principles and Parameters in Comparative Grammar.

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[目次]

  • Part 1 The study of syntax: introduction to the study of syntax
  • the psychological interpretation of grammar. Part 2 Introduction to formal grammar: phrase structure analysis
  • lexical insertion
  • a theory of phrase structure
  • the transformational structure of NP
  • appendix - phrase structure grammar - a formal characterization. Part 3 Recursion, movement, and bounding: wh-movement and the structure of sentential constructions
  • syntactic islands
  • successive cyclic movement and conditions on rules and representations
  • appendices - a brief historical comment on island constraints, a comment on the theory of transformations. Part 4 The English verbal auxiliary system: general properties of the verbal auxiliary system
  • a transformational analysis of the verbal auxiliary system (1)
  • the constituent structure of the verbal string
  • a transformational analysis of the verbal auxiliary system (2) - interrogative and negative sentences
  • the auxiliary "do". Part 5 Infinitivals, case and government: case assignment
  • case assignment and the subject of infinitival constructions
  • lexical case phenomena. Part 6 The analysis of empty categories: subject traces in finite clauses
  • empty categories and thematic structure
  • alternative conditions on NP-movement
  • the PRO/trace distinction. Part 7 Binding theory: lexical anaphors
  • pronouns. Part 8 Extensions of binding theory: the assignment of indices
  • binding theory and levels of representation
  • binding theory and empty categories
  • in lieu of a conclusion
  • appendices - two types of crossover, the binding theoretic approach to empty categories.

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この本の情報

書名 Foundations of generative syntax
著作者等 Freidin, Robert
シリーズ名 Current studies in linguistics series
出版元 MIT Press
刊行年月 c1992
ページ数 ix, 368 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0262061449
NCID BA17260247
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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