translated by Michael Gagarin & Douglas M. MacDowell
Classical oratory is an invaluable resource for the study of ancient Greek life and culture. The speeches offer evidence on Greek moral views, social and economic conditions, political and social ideology, and other aspects of Athenian culture that have been largely ignored: women and family life, slavery, and religion, to name just a few. This volume contains the works of the two earliest surviving orators, Antiphon and Andocides. Antiphon (ca. 480-411) was a leading Athenian intellectual and creator of the profession of logography ('speech writing'), whose special interest was law and justice. His six surviving works all concern homicide cases. Andocides (ca. 440-390) was involved in two religious scandalsothe mutilation of the Herms (busts of Hermes) and the revelation of the Eleusinian Mysteriesoon the eve of the fateful Athenian expedition to Sicily in 415. His speeches are a defense against charges relating to those events. Antiphon's speeches are introduced and translated by Michael Gagarin, Professor of Classics at the University of Texas at Austin. Andocides' speeches are introduced and translated by Douglas MacDowell, Professor of Greek at the University of Glasgow.