Experimental metaphysics

edited by Robert S. Cohen, Michael Horne, and John Stachel

This is the first in a two-volume set, for theoretical physicists and philosophers of modern physics. It treats a puzzling and provocative aspect of recent quantum physics: the apparent interaction of certain physical events that cannot share any causal connection. These are said to be "entangled" in some way, but an explanation remains elusive. Abner Shimony, to whom the book is dedicated, and others, suggest the need to revive the category of what may be seen as a metaphysical potentiality. Abner has described these events without actions as "passion-at-a-distance": not active, but passive. The discussions gathered here are written by a team of scientists and philosophers seeking to shed new light on the most profound puzzles of our time.

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Experimental Metaphysics is intended for theoretical physicists and philosophers of science and is devoted to fundamental issues in the quantum domain. The book presents a number of discussions of experiments, theoretical puzzles and alternative interpretations, and philosophical treatments of the metaphysical foundations of science and the way these throw a scientific light on metaphysics. Hence the title: 'experimental metaphysics' is a term coined by Abner Shimony, to whom the book is dedicated. This collection of 16 scientific and philosophical essays by leading physicists, philosophers and historians of science deals with current research and the most basic issues in quantum physics.

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[目次]

  • Preface
  • W. Harper. Protective Measurements of Two-State Vectors
  • Y. Aharonov, L. Vaidman. What is the Referent of a Nonpure Quantum State? A. Amann, H. Primas. Classical and Quantum Physical Geometry
  • J.S. Anandan. Borromean Entanglement of the GHZ State
  • P.K. Aravind. Is the Quantum State (an) Observable? P. Busch. Aiming at Describing Empirical Reality
  • B. d'Espagnat. An Interpretation which is Appropriate for Dynamical Reduction Theories
  • G.C. Ghirardi, T. Weber. Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Reasoning in Nonlocality Theorems
  • L. Hardy. Spacetime and Separability: Problems of Identity and Individuation in Fundamental Physics
  • D. Howard. 'Les recettes qui reussissent toujours'
  • G. Lochak. How to Ascertain the Value of Every Member of a Set of Observables that Cannot all Have Values
  • N.D. Mermin. Is Quantum Mechanics a Probabilistic Theory? P. Mittelstaedt. The Decision Problem for Entanglement
  • W.C. Myrvold. Bell Inequalities with Postselection
  • A. Peres. Action and Passion at a Distance
  • S. Popescu, D. Rohrlich. The Relativistic EPR Argument
  • M. Redhead, P. La Riviere. The History Approach Viewed by an External Observer
  • A. Rimini. Maximal Extension of an Impossibility Theorem Concerning Quantum Measurement
  • H. Stein. Feynman Paths and Quantum Entanglement: Is There Any More to the Mystery? J. Stachel. Bibliography of Abner Shimony. Index of Names.

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[目次]

  • Preface
  • M. Horne. De Broglie-Wave Interference of Small Rocks and Live Viruses
  • J.P. Clauser. It is the Theory which Decides What we can Observe
  • J.T. Cushing. Bohmian Mechanics and the Meaning of the Wave Function
  • D. Durr, et al. The Model of F. Karolyhazy and the Desiderata of A. Shimony for a Modified Quantum Dynamics
  • A. Frenkel. A Bell Inequality Experiment Based on Molecular Dissociation - Extension of the Lo-Shimony Proposal to 199Hg (Nuclear Spin 1/2) Dimers
  • E.S. Fry, T. Walther. Quantum State Diffusion: From Foundations to Applications
  • N. Gisin, I.C. Percival. A More Proper Role for Proper Time in Physics? D.M. Greenberger. Two-Particle Diffraction
  • M. Horne. Quantum Beam Tomography
  • S.H. Kienle, et al. Evidence for the Failure of Local Realism Based on the Hardy-Jordan Approach
  • L. Mandel. Tales and Tails and Stuff and Nonsense
  • P. Pearle. The Ito Formalism and Stochastic Modifications of Quantum Dynamics
  • S. Sarkar. The Metaphysics of Science at the End of a Heroic Age
  • S.S. Schweber. Two-Photon 'Ghost' Image and Interference-Diffraction
  • Y.H. Shih, et al. The Reasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences
  • L. Tisza. Towards a Long-Distance Bell-Experiment with Independent Observers
  • G. Weihs, et al.

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この本の情報

書名 Experimental metaphysics
著作者等 Cohen, R. S.
Horne, M. R.
Shimony, Abner
Stachel, John J
Horne M.
Stachel J. J.
Cohen Robert S.
シリーズ名 Boston studies in the philosophy of science
出版元 Kluwer Academic
刊行年月 c1997
ページ数 x, 258 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 0792344545
0792344529
NCID BA31183893
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 オランダ
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