First-order logic and automated theorem proving

Melvin Fitting

This graduate-level text presents fundamental concepts and results of classical logic in a rigorous mathematical style. Applications to automated theorem proving are considered and usable Prolog programs provided. It will serve both as a first text in formal logic and an introduction to automation issues for students in computer science or mathematics. The book treats propositional logic, first-order logic, and first-order logic with equality. In each case the initial presentation is semantic, to define the intended subjects independently of the choice of proof mechanism. Then many kinds of proof procedure are introduced. Results such as completeness, compactness, and interpolation are established, and theorem provers are implemented in Prolog. This new edition includes material on AE calculus, Herbrand's Theorem, Gentzen's Theorem, and related topics.

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  • 1 Background.- 2 Propositional Logic.- 2.1 Introduction.- 2.2 Propositional Logic-Syntax.- 2.3 Propositional Logic-Semantics.- 2.4 Boolean Valuations.- 2.5 The Replacement Theorem.- 2.6 Uniform Notation.- 2.7 Konig's Lemma.- 2.8 Normal Forms.- 2.9 Normal Form Implementations.- 3 Semantic Tableaux and Resolution.- 3.1 Propositional Semantic Tableaux.- 3.2 Propositional Tableaux Implementations.- 3.3 Propositional Resolution.- 3.4 Soundness.- 3.5 Hintikka's Lemma.- 3.6 The Model Existence Theorem.- 3.7 Tableau and Resolution Completeness.- 3.8 Completeness With Restrictions.- 3.9 Propositional Consequence.- 4 Other Propositional Proof Procedures.- 4.1 Hilbert Systems.- 4.2 Natural Deduction.- 4.3 The Sequent Calculus.- 4.4 The Davis-Putnam Procedure.- 4.5 Computational Complexity.- 5 First-Order Logic.- 5.1 First-Order Logic-Syntax.- 5.2 Substitutions.- 5.3 First-Order Semantics.- 5.4 Herbrand Models.- 5.5 First-Order Uniform Notation.- 5.6 Hintikka's Lemma.- 5.7 Parameters.- 5.8 The Model Existence Theorem.- 5.9 Applications.- 5.10 Logical Consequence.- 6 First-Order Proof Procedures.- 6.1 First-Order Semantic Tableaux.- 6.2 First-Order Resolution.- 6.3 Soundness.- 6.4 Completeness.- 6.5 Hilbert Systems.- 6.6 Natural Deduction and Gentzen Sequents.- 7 Implementing Tableaux and Resolution.- 7.1 What Next.- 7.2 Unification.- 7.3 Unification Implemented.- 7.4 Free-Variable Semantic Tableaux.- 7.5 A Tableau Implementation.- 7.6 Free-Variable Resolution.- 7.7 Soundness.- 7.8 Free-Variable Tableau Completeness.- 7.9 Free-Variable Resolution Completeness.- 8 Further First-Order Features.- 8.1 Introduction.- 8.2 The Replacement Theorem.- 8.3 Skolemization.- 8.4 Prenex Form.- 8.5 The AE-Calculus.- 8.6 Herbrand's Theorem.- 8.7 Herbrand's Theorem, Constructively.- 8.8 Gentzen's Theorem.- 8.9 Cut Elimination.- 8.10 Do Cuts Shorten Proofs?.- 8.11 Craig's Interpolation Theorem.- 8.12 Craig's Interpolation Theorem-Constructively.- 8.13 Beth's Definability Theorem.- 8.14 Lyndon's Homomorphism Theorem.- 9 Equality.- 9.1 Introduction.- 9.2 Syntax and Semantics.- 9.3 The Equality Axioms.- 9.4 Hintikka's Lemma.- 9.5 The Model Existence Theorem.- 9.6 Consequences.- 9.7 Tableau and Resolution Systems.- 9.8 Alternate Tableau and Resolution Systems.- 9.9 A Free-Variable Tableau System With Equality.- 9.10 A Tableau Implementation With Equality.- 9.11 Paramodulation.- References.

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書名 First-order logic and automated theorem proving
著作者等 Fitting, Melvin Chris
Fitting Melvin
シリーズ名 Graduate texts in computer science
出版元 Springer-Verlag
刊行年月 c1996
版表示 2nd ed
ページ数 xvi, 326 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 0387945938
NCID BA26621867
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国