This biographical dictionary incorporates contributions by performers, musicologists and other scholars, including many specialists in Russian music. It provides up-to-date information on over 2,000 composers. Entries vary form brief profiles of lesser-known figures to lengthy articles on major Russian and Soviet composers. Each of the longer essays summarizes current scholarship on the composer, offers new insights, and complements or corrects coverage available in standard music references. Commentary on musical style is presented in most entries, and musical influences are clarified through careful documentation of teacher-student relationships. The biographical section is followed by a selective list of compositions arranged according to media and genre. The accompanying bibliography lists works consulted as well as sources of additional information on the individual composer and a discography documents the breadth of the repertory committed to phonodisc, tape and compact disc. Cross-referencing facilitates the location of materials.