Forbidden knowledge and other essays on the philosophy of cognition

Nicholas Rescher


  • One/Forbidden Knowledge: Moral Limits of Scientific Research.- 1. A Range of Positions.- 2. Regulation vs. Laissez Faire.- 3. Moral Limits Pertain to Different Aspects of Knowledge.- 4. Can Knowledge as Such be Morally Inappropriate?.- 5. Knowledge is Only One Good among Others.- 6. The Enforcement of Morals.- 7. Coda.- Two/Truth as Ideal Coherence.- 1. The 'Continuity Condition' Relating a Criterion to the Definition of Truth.- 2. Truth as Ideal Coherence.- 3. Coherentism and Truth as Adequation.- 4. Postscript: The Gap Between the Real and the Ideal.- Three/Rationality and Consistency.- 1. Consistency: Initial Requisite or Ultimate Ideal?.- 2. Linearly Inferential vs. Dialectically Cyclic Reasoning.- 3. Ampliative vs. Reductive Reasoning.- 4. Two Very Different Sorts of Acceptability: Qualified vs. Outright Belief.- 5. Different Attitudes Towards Consistency.- 6. The Place of Dialectics in the Human Sciences.- 7. Must Inconsistency-Tolerance Be Motivated Epistemically?.- 8. Consistency as a Cognitive Ideal.- Four/An End to Science?.- 1. Is Scientific Discovery an Inherently Bounded Venture?.- 2. Nature Might Exhibit an Unending Complexity of Physical Constitution.- 3. Nature Might Exhibit an Unending Complexity of Lawful Comportment.- 4. The Phenomena of Nature Might Be Unendingly Diverse.- 5. The Basis for an Unending Prospect of Scientific Discovery Might Lie Wholly in the Character of Our Inquiry Processes.- 6. The Regulative Rationale for Supposing the Cognitive Inexhaustibility of Nature.- Five/On the Probabilistic Bearing of Testimony.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The Reliability of Sources.- 3.The Knowledgeability of Sources.- 4. Some Variations.- 5. A Survey of Probative Virtues.- 6. The Taxicab Problem.- 7. Hume and Laplace on Human Testimony.- 8. Laplace on Testimonial Chains.- 9. The Moral of the Story.- Six/The Limits of Probabilistic Epistemology.- 1. The Probabilist Program.- 2. Probability Is Not Enough.- Seven/The Threefold Way.- 1. The Three Levels.- 2. Some Examples.- 3. Man as a Creature of the Threefold Way.- 4. The Question of Legitimacy: The Utility of the Ideal.- Eight/Number Idolatry and Fallacies of Quantification.- Nine/Life's Seasons: The Conceptual Phenomenology of Age-Periodization.- 1. The General Idea of a Life Cycle.- 2. The Rationale of Human Age-Periodization Phase Transitions.- 3. The Diversity of Age.- 4. The Conventionality of Phase Transition.- 5. Thought Experiments.- 6. The Upshot.- 7. Broader Vistas.- Ten/Philosophical Taxonomy as A Philosophical Issue.- 1. The Shape of Philosophy: Some Ancient Views.- 2. The Middle Ages and Early Modern Times.- 3. A Later Picture.- 4. Taxonomic Dynamics.- 5. The Post-Kantian Transformation.- 6. Taxonomic Proliferation.- 7. The Contemporary Situation.- 8. The Problem of Progress.- 9. The Dialectic of the Individual and the Community.- 10. Conclusion.- Eleven/Is Philosophy a Guide to Life?.- 1. Philosophy: The Problematic Guide.- 2. The Problem of 'Applied Philosophy': Only One's Own Philosophy Can Provide Guidance.- 3. What Philosophy Per Se Can Contribute.- 4. Some Examples of 'Applied Philosophy' in the Public Domain.- 5. The Limited Utility of Methodological Applications.- 6. A Danger of 'Applied Philosophy'.- Notes.- Index of Names.

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書名 Forbidden knowledge and other essays on the philosophy of cognition
著作者等 Rescher Nicholas
シリーズ名 Episteme
出版元 D. Reidel : Sold and distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Kluwer Academic Publishers
刊行年月 c1987
ページ数 xiv, 154 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 9027724105
NCID BA0650361X
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言語 英語
出版国 オランダ