Archaeology as human ecology : method and theory for a contextual approach

Karl W. Butzer

Archaeology as Human Ecology is a new introduction to concepts and methods in archaeology. It deals not with artifacts, but with sites, settlements, and subsistence. Karl W. Butzer's goal is to interpret the ecosystem of which an archaeologicial site or site network was part. Components of this study include geo-archaeology, archaeobotany, zoo-archaeology, and archaeometry. These methods are then used in examining interactions between human communities and their biophysical environment: the impact of settlement on site formation and the effects of subsistence activities on plants, animals, soils, and overall landscape modification. Finally, the methods and theoretical approach, are applied to examine the processes of cultural change and continuity. The approach of Archaeology as Human Ecology goes far beyond traditional environmental archaeology, which is concerned with simple reconstruction. It provides a clear, systemic approach that immediately allows an assessment of interactions. For the first time, it attempts to develop a comprehensive spatial archaeology - one that is far more than derivative spatial analysis.

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  • Part I. Perspectives: 1. Context in archaeology
  • 2. Environmental systems: spatial and temporal variability
  • Part II. Foundations: 3. Geo-archaeology I: basic principles
  • 4. Geo-archaeology II: landscape context
  • 5. Geo-archaeology III: stratigraphic context
  • 6. Geo-archaeology IV: site formation
  • 7. Geo-archaeology V: site modification and destruction
  • 8. Geo-archaeology VI: human impact on the landscape
  • 9. Archaeometry: prospecting, provenance, dating
  • 10. Archaeobotany: vegetation and plant utilization
  • 11. Zoo-archaeology: faunas and animal procurement
  • Part III. Synthesis: 12. Spatial integration I: quantitative models for pattern analysis
  • 13. Spatial integration II: socioecological models for settlement analysis
  • 14. Spatial integration III: reconstruction of settlement systems
  • 15. Diachronic systems I: cultural adaptation
  • 16. Diachronic systems II: continuity and change
  • References
  • Index.

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書名 Archaeology as human ecology : method and theory for a contextual approach
著作者等 Butzer, Karl Wilhelm
Butzer Karl W.
出版元 Cambridge University Press
刊行年月 1982
ページ数 xiii, 364 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0521288770
NCID BA03799939
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス