Culture and inference : a Trobriand case study

Edwin Hutchins

<p> This book takes a major step in psychological anthropology by applying new analytic tools from cognitive science to one of the oldest and most vexing anthropological problems: the nature of "primitive" thought. <p> For a decade or more there has been broad agreement within anthropology that culture might be usefully viewed as a system of tacit rules that constrain the meaningful interpretation of events and serve as a guide to action. However, no one has made a serious attempt to write a cultural grammar that would make such rules explicit. In "Culture and Inference" Edwin Hutchins makes just such an attempt for one enormously instructive case, the Trobriand Islanders' system of land tenure. <p> Using the propositional network notation developed by Rumeihart and Norman, Hutchins describes native knowledge about land tenure as a set of twelve propositions. Inferences are derived from these propositions by a set of transfer formulas that govern the way in which static knowledge about land tenure can be applied to new disputes. After deriving this descriptive system by extensive observation of the Trobrianders' land courts and by interrogation of litigants, Hutchins provides a test of his grammar by showing how it can be used to simulate decisions in new cases. <p> What is most interesting about these simulations, generally, is that they require all the same logical operations that arise from a careful analysis of Western thought. Looking closely at "primitive" inference in a natural situation, Hutchins finds that Trobriand reasoning is no more primitive than our own.

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[目次]

  • 1. Introduction Background Classification Inference A Naturalistic Approach Organization of the Argument 2. Trobriand Land Tenure Relations between Men and Land The Transfer of Land Rights Titles in Land The Institutional Context of Litigation 3. The Model Notation Inference Descendant Schemata 4. Case Analysis Motabasi's Presentation Analysis of Motabasi's Presentation Kailimila's Presentation Analysis of Kailimila's Presentation The Testimony of Witnesses Kwaiwai's Opinion Analysis of Kwaiwai's Opinion The Chief's Decision 5. Uses of the Cultural Code Abbreviate Discourse, Reconstruct Abbreviated Discourse Chunking Understanding and Explanation Problem Solving Judgments of Sense, Truth, and Likelihood Decision Making Expectations and Plans Violations of Expectations Attribution Speech Acts 6. Conclusion Notes References Glossary Index

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この本の情報

書名 Culture and inference : a Trobriand case study
著作者等 Hutchins, Edwin
シリーズ名 Cognitive science series
出版元 Harvard University Press
刊行年月 1980
ページ数 x, 143 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0674179706
NCID BA03468192
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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