Prophets and patrons : the French university and the emergence of the social sciences

Terry Nichols Clark

"Prophets and Patrons" is the first detailed account of the emergence of sociology and related social sciences in France. It emphasizes three social and intellectual groupings in the period from 1880 to 1914: the social statisticians who grew out of governmental ministries, the Durkheimians who were consistently housed in the university, and the "international sociologists" around Rene Worms, in neither ministries nor the university. Unlike most histories of ideas, "Prophets and Patrons" portrays the institutional developments that encouraged, discouraged, and rechanneled different styles of research. To understand these developments, a sociological analysis of the French university system is presented. At its center are the patrons (generally Sorbonne professors) who served as informal linkages for the entire system. Around them developed clusters of researchers and teachers throughout France. The workings of this system of relations, analyzed here for the first time, are crucial to understanding the French university. The university is also immersed in the political and ideological currents of the Latin Quarter. Thus Clark's investigation of conflicting elements of French culture and social structure helps illuminate his analysis of the university. This study will be invaluable to social scientists, intellectual historians, and students of French culture and comparative education.

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  • Prologue: Perspectives on the Emergence of the Social Sciences Part I: Organization and Innovation in the French System of Higher Education Introduction 1. The French System of Higher Education: Basic Institutional Structures 2. Patrons and Clusters: The Informal Structure of the French University System Part II: The Institutionalization of the Social Sciences Introduction 3. Prophetic Precursors: Positivists, Le Playists, and Anthropologists 4. The Social Statisticians 5. The International Sociologists 6. The Durkheimians and the University Part III: Continuities and Discontinuities Introduction 7. French Social Science Since 1914 8. Conclusion Appendixes: Social Recruitment and Traditions of Research Appendix I. Social Characteristics and Institutional Affiliations Appendix II. Three Approaches to Research: Descriptive, Impressionistic, and Systematic Appendix III. Technical Note on Content Analysis Procedures Index

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書名 Prophets and patrons : the French university and the emergence of the social sciences
著作者等 Clark, Terry N.
出版元 Harvard University Press
刊行年月 1973
ページ数 x, 282 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 0674715802
NCID BA03270264
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国