The Cambridge history of Judaism  v. 1 ~ v. 8

edited by W.D. Davies, Louis Finkelstein

This fourth volume of The Cambridge History of Judaism covers the period from 70 CE to 640 CE (the rise of Islam). It deals with the major historical, political and cultural developments in Jewish history and the history of Judaism in this crucial era during which Judaism took on its classical shape. It provides discussion and analysis of all the essential subjects pertinent to an understanding of this period, and is especially strong in its coverage of the growth and development of rabbinic Judaism and of the major classical rabbinic sources such as the Mishnah, Jerusalem Talmud, Babylonian Talmud and various Midrashic collections. In addition, it surveys the early encounter of Judaism and Christianity from both the Jewish and Christian sides and describes the rise of Jewish mystical literature, the liturgical literature of the developing synagogue, the nature of magical practices in classical Judaism and Jewish Folklore.

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This is the second of four volumes covering the history of Judaism from the Persian period, roughly 539-322 BCE, to the Tannaitic period, which culminated in the codification of the Mishnah around 250 CE. It deals with the encounter of Judaism with the Hellenistic culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world and beyond by Alexander the Great and his successors. The volume describes both the rejection and adoption of Hellenism by Judaism. Religiously the rejection provoked new developments and politically the Maccabaean Revolt, which resulted in the creation of the independent Hasmonean state, 142-63 BCE. Culturally, the adoption of Hellenistic forms by Judaism led to a significant Jewish-Greek and Hebrew and Aramaic literature. At the same time, the tensions in the religious, intellectual, social and political life of Jews spawned apocalyptic thought and literature. In the light of the interpenetration of Judaism and Hellenism in this period the volume questions some established dichotomies.

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This volume covers the history of Judaism in the Roman period. Political history is treated from Pompey to Vespasian, but many chapters on Jewish life and thought go beyond the period of the Flavian emperors to present themes and evidence of importance for Judaism up to the 3rd century CE. The approach has concentrated on the study of institutions and schools of thought through consideration of archaeological finds and inscriptions. Jewish-Gentile relations, temple and synagogue, groups and schools of thought - Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, Baptist sects, the 'fourth philosophy' and similar groups, Samaritans and the Christian movement - are examined. An unusual feature of the volume is its historical treatment of Christianity within the context of ancient Judaism. The Qumran texts, Philo and Josephus receive attention as does Jewish society in Judaea and Galilee.

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The first three volumes of The Cambridge History of Judaism cover the history of the Jews from the Exile in 587 B.C.E. to the early Roman period extending into the third century C.E. A comprehensive examination is made of all the relevant literary and archeological sources, and special attention is given to the interaction of Iranian, Semitic, Hellenistic and Roman cultures. The contributors include both Jewish and Gentile scholars from many countries, and this History thus helps to deliver the study of Jewish history and Christian origins from geographical and religious limitations, and contributes to a deeper understanding and a broader tolerance. This first volume opens with three introductory chapters to the work as a whole dealing with the geographical background, the chronology and the numismatic history of Judaism. The remainder of this volume concentrates on the Persian period, the two and a half centuries following the Babylonian Exile.

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[目次]

  • 1. The archaeology of Palestine 63 BCE-CE 70 Magen Broshi
  • 2. The Herodian temple Dan Bahat
  • 3. Archaeology in Palestine in recent decades: achievements and goals Eric M. Meyers
  • 4. The contribution of inscriptions of the study of Judaism Margaret Williams
  • 5. The social, economic and political history of Palestine from 63 BCE-CE 70 Emilio Gabba
  • 6. The Diaspora in the Roman period before 70 CE E. Mary Smallwood
  • 7. The Gentiles in Judaism 125 BCE-CE 66 Morton Smith
  • 8. Gentiles as seen by Jews after CE 70 Raphael Loewe
  • 9. The synagogue Hanswulf Bloedhorn and F. G. Huttenmeister
  • 10. The temple and the synagogue Shaye J. D. Cohen
  • 11. The early liturgy of the synagogue Stefan C. Reif
  • 12. Women in the synagogue William Horbury
  • 13. The Pharisees Joachim L. W. Schaper
  • 14. The Sadducees Gunter Stemberger
  • 15. The Essenes Otto Betz
  • 16. The Baptist sects Kurt Rudolph
  • 17. The troublemakers Morton Smith
  • 18. The Samaritans and their sects Stanley Isser
  • 19. Galilean Judaism and Judean Judaism Martin Goodman
  • 20. Jesus from the Jewish point of view W. D. Davies and E. P. Sanders
  • 21. Paul from the Jewish point of view W. D. Davies
  • 22. Jewish Christianity J. Carleton-Paget
  • 23. Apocalyptic: the disclosure of heavenly knowledge Christopher C. Rowland
  • 24. The Qumran sectarian writings Jonathan Campbell
  • 25. The Dead Sea scrolls and pre-Tannaitic Judaism Norman Golb
  • 26. Prayer in the Qumran texts Daniel K. Falk
  • 27. Philo of Alexandria C. Mondesert
  • 28. Josephus (CE 37 -c. 100) L. H. Feldman
  • 29. The Rabbi in second century Jewish society Shaye J. D. Cohen
  • 30. The Roman diaspora 70 CE -235
  • the archaeological evidence L. I. Levine
  • 31. The legacy of Egypt in Judaism J. Gwyn Griffiths
  • 32. Jewish elements in gnosticism and magic c. 70 CE -c. 270 CE Philip S. Alexander.

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[目次]

  • Introduction Steven J. Katz
  • 1. Social, political and economic life in the land of Israel, 70-c.235 Seth Schwartz
  • 2. The Diaspora from 66-c.235: (a) The Jews in Egypt and Cyrenaica, 66-c.235 Allen Kerkeslager
  • (b) Jews in Carthage and western north Africa, 70-c.235 Claudia Setzer
  • (c) The Jews in Asia Minor, 70-c.235 Paul Trebilco
  • (d) The Jews in Babylonia, 70-c.235 David Goldblatt
  • 3. The uprising in the Jewish Diaspora, 115-117 Miriam Pucci Ben Zeev
  • 4. The Bar Kochba Revolt, 132-135 Hanan Eshel
  • 5. The legal status of Jews in the Roman empire Amnon Linder
  • 6. Jewish art and architecture in the land of Israel, 70-c.235 Eric M. Meyers
  • 7. The destruction of the Jerusalem temple: its meaning and its consequences Robert Goldenberg
  • 8. The origins and development of the rabbinic movement in the land of Israel Hayim Lapin
  • 9. The canonical process James A. Sanders
  • 10. The beginnings of Christian anti-Judaism, 70-c.235 Peter Richardson
  • 11. The rabbinic response to Christianity Steven T. Katz
  • 12. The Mishnah David Kraemer
  • 13. The Tosefta Paul Mandel
  • 14. Midrash Halachah Jay M. Harris
  • 15. Mishnaic Hebrew Moshe Bar-Asher
  • 16. The political and social history of the Jewish community in the land of Israel, c.235-638 David Goldblatt
  • 17. The material realities of Jewish life in the land of Israel, 235-c.638 Joshua J. Schwartz
  • 18. Aramaic in late antiquity Yochanan Breuer
  • 19. The Diaspora c.235-638: (a) The Jews of Italy, c.235-638 Leonard Victor Rutgers
  • (b) The Jews of Spain, c.235-638 Scott Bradbury
  • 20. Jewish archaeology in late antiquity: art, architecture and inscriptions Lee Levine
  • 21. Jewish festivals in late antiquity Joseph Tabory
  • 22. Rabbinic prayer in late antiquity Reuven Kimelman
  • 23. Rabbinic views on marriage, sexuality and the family Michael L. Satlow
  • 24. Women in Jewish life and law Tal Ilan
  • 25. Gentiles in rabbinic thought David Novak
  • 26. The formation and character of the Jerusalem Talmud Leib Moscovitz
  • 27. Late Midrashic Paytanic and Targumic literature Avigdor Shinan
  • 28. Jewish magic in late antiquity Michael D. Swartz
  • 29. Jewish folk literature in late antiquity Eli Yassif
  • 30. Early forms of Jewish mysticism Rachel Elior
  • 31. The political, social and economic history of Babylonian Jewry, c.235-638 Isaiah M. Gafni
  • 32. The history of Babylonian academics David Goldblatt
  • 33. The formation and character of the Babylonian Talmud Richard Kalmin
  • 34. Talmudic law: a jurisprudential perspective Hanina Ben Menahem
  • 35. Torah in rabbinic thought: the theology of learning Marc Hirshman
  • 36. Man, sin and redemption in rabbinic thought Steven T. Katz
  • 37. The rabbinic theology of the physical: blessings, body and soul, resurrection, covenant and election Reuven Kimelman
  • 38. Christian anti-Judaism: polemics and politics Paula Fredriksen and Oded Irshai
  • 39. Jews in Byzantium Steven Bowman
  • Appendix A: Justinian and the revision of Jewish legal status Alfredo Mordechai Rabello
  • 40. Messianism and apocalypticism in rabbinic texts Lawrence H. Schiffman.

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[目次]

  • Preface
  • List of abbreviations
  • map of the Hellenistic empire
  • 1. The archeology of Hellenistic Palestine Marie-Christine Halpern-Zylberstein
  • 2. The political and social history of Palestine from Alexander to Antiochus III (333-187 BCE) Martin Hengel
  • 3. Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek in the Hellenistic age James Barr
  • 4. The Diaspora in the Hellenistic age Harald Hegermann
  • 5. The interpenetration of Judaism and Hellenism in the epre-Maccabean period Martin Hengel
  • 6. The men of the Great Synagogue (circa 400-170 BCE) Louis Finkelstein
  • 7. The Pharisaic leadership after the Great Synagogue (170 BCE-135 CE) Louis Finkelstein
  • 8. Antiochus IV Orro Morkholm
  • 9. The Hasmonean revolt and the Hasmonean dynasty Jonathan A. Goldstein
  • 10. Jewish literature in Hebrew and Aramaic in the Greek era Mathias Delcor
  • 11. Jewish-Greek literature of the Greek period Nikolaus Walter
  • 12. The apocrypha and pseudepigrapha of the Hellenistic period Mathias Delcor
  • 13. The book of Daniel H. L. Ginsburg
  • 14. The matrix of apocalyptic Paul D. Hanson
  • 15. The Septuagint and its Hebrew text Harry M. Orlinsky
  • 16. The Targumim Roger Le Deaut
  • 17. The Samaritans James D. Purvis
  • 18. The growth of anti-Judaism or the Greek attitude towards Jews Emilio Gabba
  • Bibliographies
  • Chronological table
  • Index.

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[目次]

  • Preface
  • List of abbreviations
  • Part I. Introduction: 1. The geography of Palestine and the Levant in relation to its history Denis Baly
  • 2. Numismatics Uriel Rappaport
  • 3. Calendars and chronology Elias J. Bickerman
  • Part II. The Persian Period: 4. The Persian empire and the political and social history of Palestine in the Persian period Ephraim Stern
  • 5. The archaeology of Persian Palestine Ephraim Stern
  • 6. Hebrew and Aramaic in the Persian period Joseph Naveh and Jonas C. Greenfield
  • 7. The Jewish community in Palestine in the Persia period Peter Ackroyd
  • 8. Prophecy and Psalms in the Persian period Gunther Wanke
  • 9. Wisdom literature in the Persian period Harmut Gese
  • 10. Jewish religious life in the Persian period Morton Smith
  • 11. Persian life in the Achemenid age Mary Boyce
  • 12. Iranian influence on Judaism: first century BCE to second century CE Shaud Shaked
  • 13. The Diaspora: A. Babylonia in the Persian age M. Dandamayev
  • B. The Babylonian captivity Elias J. Bickerman
  • C. Egypt, Persian satrapy Edda Bresciani
  • D. The Jews in Egypt Bezalel Porten
  • Bibliographies
  • Index
  • Chronological table.

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この本の情報

書名 The Cambridge history of Judaism
著作者等 Chazan, Robert
Davies, William David
Finkelstein, Louis
Horbury, William
Karp, Jonathan
Katz, Steven T.
Sturdy, John
Sutcliffe, Adam
Davies W.D.
Michels Tony
Hart Mitchell B.
巻冊次 v. 1
v. 2
v. 3
v. 4
v. 6
v. 7
v. 8
出版元 Cambridge University Press
刊行年月 1984-
ページ数 v.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0521219299
0521243777
0521772486
0521218802
9780521769532
9780521889049
9780521517249
NCID BA03181958
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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