Tidal friction and the earth's rotation

edited by P. Brosche and J. Sündermann ; with contributions by M. Bonatz ... [et al.]

[目次]

  • Historical Background and Introduction.- References.- Pre-Telescopic Astronomical Observations.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Historical Development.- 3. Inter-Relation of Parameters.- 4. Recent Investigations.- 5. Remarks on the Selection of Suitable Observations.- 6. Observations of Total and Near-Total Solar Eclipses.- 7. Method of Analysis.- 8. Geophysical Discussion.- 9. Conclusions.- References.- Tidal Deceleration of the Earth's Rotation Deduced from Astronomical bservations in the Period A.D. 1600 to the Present.- 1. Introduction and Principle of Method.- 2. Moon's Orbital Angular Deceleration.- 2.1 Deceleration with Respect to Dynamical Time.- 2.2 Deceleration with Respect to Atomic Time.- 3. Tidal Deceleration of Earth's Rotation.- 4. Conclusions.- References.- Determination of the Rotation of the Earth (at Present).- 1. Introduction.- 1.1 Preview.- 2. General Features of the Rotation of the Earth.- 2.1 Variation in the Earth's Rate of Rotation.- 2.2 Polar Motion.- 3. Equatorial System.- 4. Astronomic Longitude and Latitude.- 5. Time Scales.- 5.1 Astronomic Time.- 5.2 Atomic Time.- 6. Methods and Instruments of Observation.- 6.1 Optical Instruments.- 6.2 Doppler Satellite Measurements.- 7. Data Analysis Centers.- 8. Results on the Rotation of the Earth.- References.- Effect of Tidal Friction on the Lunar Orbit and the Rotation of Earth and Its Determination by Laser Ranging.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The Physical Problem.- 3. The Laser Technique and Its Application.- 4. Determination of the Lunar Acceleration.- 5. Comparisons and Difficulties of Interpretation.- References.- Appendix A: Comments on the Perturbed Mean Motion 52 ppendix B: Reality of the Venus Effect 53 ides of the Solid Earth from Gravimetric Measurements.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Basic Concepts.- 3. The Tidal Potential.- 4. Determination of LOVE numbers from Gravimetric Data.- 5. Instrumentation.- 6. Actual Problems.- 7. Recent Results.- 8. Future Activities.- References.- Tidal Friction in the Solid Earth: Loading Tides Versus Body Tides.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Dissipated Tidal Energy in the Solid Earth.- 2.1 Theory of Dissipation in a Heterogeneous Incompressible Earth.- 2.2 Dissipation of Body Tide Energy.- 2.3 Dissipation of Loading Tide Energy.- 3. Global Tidal Q and Tidal Phase Shifts.- 3.1 Loading Tide Q Versus Body Tide Q.- 3.2 Numerical Results for the Body Tide.- 3.3 Theoretical Relationship between Tidal Bulge Angles, Body Tide Phase Shifts, and the Global Body Tide Q.- 3.4 Some More Numerical Examples.- 3.5 Numerical Results for the Loading Tides.- 4. Conclusions.- References.- Tidal Dissipation in the Oceans.- References.- The Influence of Solid Earth Deformations on Semidiurnal and iurnal Oceanic Tides.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Considering Tidal Loading and Ocean Self-Attraction in.- Ocean-Tide Models.- 2.1 Tidal Integrodifferential Equations and the Energy-Equation Belonging to Them.- 2.2 Properties of Different Ocean-Tide Models.- 3. Generalization of the 4 -Primitive-Equations Model.- 3.1 The Finite-Difference Scheme.- 3.2 Oceanic Tides on a Nonrotating Earth.- 4. The Computed Global M2-Tide.- 5. The Computed Global K1-Tide.- 6. Conclusions.- Glossary of Symbols.- References.- The Numerical Computation of Tidal Friction for Present and ncient Oceans.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Computation of Tidal Friction by Hydrodynamic-Numerical.- Models.- 2.1 Basic Equations.- 2.2 Analytic Considerations.- 2.3 Hydrodynamic-Numerical Models.- 3. A Numerical Model for the Present Ocean.- 3.1 Requirements.- 3.2 Balance of Angular Momentum.- 4. Numerical Model for Ancient Oceans.- 4.1 Necessity of Such a Model.- 4.2 Bathymetry.- 4.3 Application to the Permian Ocean.- 4.4 Verification.- 5. Further Activities.- References.- The Earth's Palaeorotation.- 1. The Coral Data.- 2. The Bivalve Data.- 3. Stromatolite Data.- 4. Combined Data 1.- References.- Periodic Growth Features in Fossil Organisms and the Lenght of the ay and Month.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Biological Considerations.- 2.1 Growth Increments in Corals.- 2.2 Growth Increments in Bivalves.- 2.3 Growth Increments in Stromatolites.- 2.4 Biological Clocks.- 3. The Data.- 3.1 Recording the Data.- 3.2 The Published Data.- 4. Implications of the Growth Increment Data.- 5. Conclusions.- References.- Geological and Geophysical Evidence Relating to Continental rowth and Dynamics and the Hydrosphere in Precambrian Times: Review and Analysis.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The Hydrosphere.- 3. The Continental Crust.- 4. Precambrian Dynamics of the Continental Crust.- 5. Palaeomagnetic Analysis of Precambrian Crustal Movements.- 5.1 Gondwanaland-Late Precambrian and Lower Palaeozoic.- 5.2 Laurentian Shield-Upper Proterozoic.- 5.3 African Shield-Upper Proterozoic.- 5.4 Laurentian Shield-Middle-Lower Proterozoic.- 5.5 Africa-Middle-Lower Proterozoic.- 5.6 Australia-2600-1100 my.- 5.7 Baltic-Ukrainian Shield-2000-1200 my.- 6. Palaeomagnetic Correlations Between the Proterozoic Shields.- 7. Proterozoic Supercontinent.- 8. Age of the Earth-Moon System.- 9. Stromatolite Evidence for Precambrian Tidal Parameters.- 10. Sedimentologic Evidence for Precambrian Tidal Parameters.- 11. The Tidal Couple and Changes in the Earth's Rotation in Precambrian Times.- References.- Concluding Remarks.

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この本の情報

書名 Tidal friction and the earth's rotation
著作者等 Bonatz, M
Brosche, P.
Sündermann, Jürgen
Bonatz M.
Calame O.
Enslin H.
Lambeck R.
Morrison L.V.
Mulholland J.D.
Piper J.D.
Sundermann J.
Brosche Peter
出版元 Springer-Verlag
刊行年月 1978
版表示 Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1978
ページ数 viii, 241 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 0387090460
3540090460
9783662392003
9783540090465
NCID BA03107059
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 ドイツ
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