Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups

Stephan Thernstrom, editor ; Ann Orlov, managing editor ; Oscar Handlin, consulting editor

From Acadians to Zoroastrians-Asians, American Indians, East Indians, West Indians, Europeans, Latin Americans, Afro-Americans, and Mexican Americans--the "Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups" provides the first comprehensive and systematic review of the many peoples of this country. It should excite all Americans about their nation. Informative and entertaining, this volume is an indispensable reference work for home, library and office. It establishes a foundation for the burgeoning field of ethnic studies; it will satisfy and stimulate the popular interest in ancestry and heritage. It is a guide to the history, culture, and distinctive characteristics of the more than 100 ethnic groups who live in the United States. Each ethnic group is described in detail. The origins, history and present situation of the familiar as well as the virtually unknown are presented succinctly and objectively. Not only the immigrants and refugees who came voluntarily but also those already in the New World when the first Europeans arrived, those whose ancestors came involuntarily as slaves, and those who became part of the American population as a result of conquest or purchase and subsequent annexation figure in these pages. The English and the Estonians, the Germans and the Gypsies, the Swedes and the Serbs are interestingly juxtaposed. Even entries about relatively well-known groups offer new material and fresh interpretations. The articles on less well-known groups are the product of intensive research in primary sources; many provide the first scholarly discussion to appear in English. One hundred and twenty American and European contributors have been involved in this effort, writing either on individual groups or on broad themes relating to many. The group entries are at the heart of the book, but it contains, in addition, a series of thematic essays that illuminate the key facets of ethnicity. Some of these are comparative; some philosophical; some historical; others focus on current policy issues or relate ethnicity to major subjects such as education, religion, and literature. American identity and Americanization, immigration policy and experience, and prejudice and discrimination in U.S. history are discussed at length. Several essays probe the complex interplay between assimilation and pluralism--perhaps the central theme in American history--and the complications of race and religion. Numerous cross-references and brief identifications will aid the reader with unfamiliar terms and alternative group names. Eighty-seven maps, especially commissioned, show where different groups have originated. Annotated bibliographies contain suggestions for further reading and research. Appendix I, on methods of estimating the size of groups, leads the reader through a maze of conflicting statistics. Appendix II reproduces, in facsimile, hard-to-locate census and immigration materials, beginning with the first published report on the nativities of the population in 1850.

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[目次]

  • Groups and Definitions Acadians Marietta M. LeBreton Afghans David C. Champagne Africans Afro-Americans Thomas C. Holt Albanians Aleuts Dorothy M. Jones Alsatians Frederick C. Luebke American Indians Edward H. Spicer Amish John A. Hostetler Anglo-American Anglo-Saxon Appalachians Dwight Billings and David Walls Arabs Alixa Naff Armenians Robert Mirak Aryan Asian Assyrians Arian B. Ishaya and Eden Naby Australians and New Zealanders Andrew Parkin Austrians Frederick C. Luebke Azerbaijanis Alexandre Bennigsen Bangladeshi Enayetur Rahim Basques William A. Douglass Belgians Pierre-Henri Laurent Belorussians Paul Robert Magocsi Bosnian Muslims William G. Lockwood Bulgarians Nikolay G. Altankov Burmese Canadians, British Alan A. Brookes Cape Verdeans Francis M. Rogers Carpatho-Rusyns Paul Robert Magocsi Central and South Americans Ann Orlov and Reed Ueda Chinese H.M. Lai Copts Raef Marcus Cornish John Rowe Cossacks Paul Robert Magocsi Creole Richard A. Long Croats Cubans Lisandro Perez Czechs Karen Johnson Freeze Danes Dorothy Burton Skardal Dominicans Glenn L. Hendricks Dutch Robert P. Swierenga East Indians Joan M. Jensen Eastern Catholics Paul Robert Magocsi Eastern Orthodox Thomas E. Bird English Charlotte J. Erickson Eskimos Arthur E. Hippler Estonians Tonu Parming Ethnic Heritage Studies Program Filipinos H. Brett Melendy Finns A. William Hoglund Foreign Stock French Patrice Louis Rene Higonnet French Canadians Elliott Robert Barkan Frisians Gentile Georgians Nathela Chatara Germans Kathleen Neils Conzen Germans from Russia La Vern J. Rippley Greeks Theodore Saloutos Gypsies Ian F. Hancock Haitians Michel S. Laguerre Hawaiians Alan Howard Hispanic Hungarians Paula Benkart Hutterites John A. Hostetler Icelanders Valdimar Bjornson Indochinese Mary Bowen Wright Indonesians Iranians John H. Lorentz and John T. Wertime Irish Patrick J. Blessing Italians Humbert S. Nelli Japanese Harry H.L. Kitano Jews Arthur A. Goren Kalmyks Arash Bormanshinov Koreans Hyung-chan Kim Kurds Margaret Kahn Latvians Edgar Anderson Lithuanians Arunas Alisauskas (need accents) Luxembourgers Paul Robert Magocsi Macedonians Maltese Manx Ann Orlov Mexicans Carlos E. Cortes Mormons Dean L. May Mother Tongue Muslims Thomas Philipp Nordic North Caucasians Alexandre Bennigsen Norwegians Peter A. Munch Oriental Oriental Orthodox Thomas E. Bird Orthodox Thomas E. Bird Pacific Islanders Bradd Shore Pakistanis Arif Ghayur Pennsylvania Germans Poles Victor Greene Portuguese Francis M. Rogers Puerto Ricans Joseph P. Fitzpatrick Race Romanians Gerald J. Bobango Russians Paul Robert Magocsi Scotch-Irish Maldwyn A. Jones Scots Gordon Donaldson Serbs Michael B. Petrovich and Joel Halpern Slovaks M. Mark Stolarik Slovenes Rudolph M. Susel South Africans Stanley Moss Southerners John Shelton Reed Spaniards Spanish Frances Leon Quintana Spanish-Surname Swedes Ulf Beijbom Swiss Leo Schelbert Tatars Alexandre Bennigsen Teutonic Thai Tri-Racial Isolates Turkestanis Alexandre Bennigsen Turks Talat Sait Halman Ukrainians Paul Robert Magocsi Welsh Rowland Berthoff Wends George R. Nielsen West Indians Reed Ueda Yankees Oscar Handlin Zoroastrians Eden Naby Thematic Essays American Identity and Americanization Philip Gleason American Indiand, Federal Policy Toward Edward H. Spicer Assimilation and Pluralism Harold J. Abramson Concepts of Ethnicity William Peterson Education Michael Olneck and Marvin Lazerson Family Patterns Tamara K. Hareven and John Modell Folklore Roger D. Abrahams Health Beliefs and Practices Noel J. Chrisman and Arthur Kleinman Immigration: Economic and Social Characteristics Richard A. Easterlin Immigration: History of U.S. Policy William S. Bernard Immigration: Settlement Patterns and Spatial Distribution David Ward Intermarriage David M. Heer Labor David Brody Language: Issues and Legislation Abigail M. Thernstrom Language Maintenance Joshua A. Fishman Leadership John Higham Literature and Ethnicity Werner Sollors Loyalties: Dual and Divided Mona Harrington Methods of Estimating the Size of Groups Charles A. Price Naturalization and Citizenship Reed Ueda Pluralism: A Humanistic Perspective Michael Novak Pluralism: A Political Perspective Politics Edward R. Kantowicz Prejudice Thomas F. Pettigrew Prejudice and Discriminatino, History of George M. Fredrickson and Dale T. Knobel Prejudice and Discrimination, Policy Against Nathan Glazer and Reed Ueda Religion Harold J. Abramson Resources and Research Centers Edward Kasinec Survey Research James D. Wright, Peter H. Rossi, and Thomas F. Juravich Maps Tables Appendix I Appendix II

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この本の情報

書名 Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups
著作者等 Handlin, Oscar
Orlov, Ann
Thernstrom, Stephan
出版元 Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
刊行年月 1980
ページ数 xxv, 1076 p.
大きさ 29 cm
ISBN 0674375122
NCID BA01239911
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言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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