I The Theory of Value and the Rise of Ethical Emotivism.- i. The standard account.- ii. German and Austrian roots.- iii. Ayer and the Vienna Circle.- II Attitudes, Beliefs and Disagreements.- i. Introductory.- ii. Attitudes and beliefs: interest and cognition.- iii. Disagreement in belief and disagreement in attitude.- III Emotive Meaning: Marty to Ayer.- i. Introductory.- ii. Marty.- iii. Ogden and Richards.- iv. Ayer.- IV Emotive Meaning: Stevenson.- i. Morris and pragmatic meaning.- ii. Dispositions and the causal theory of meaning.- iii. A confusion of two theses.- iv. The pragmatic meaning question: emotive meaning and descriptive meaning.- v. Emotive meaning and human social nature.- V Perry, Hume and the Rejection of Naturalism.- i. Introductory
Hume and Stevenson.- ii. Perry's interest theory.- iii. Stevenson's rejection of Perry.- iv. Stevenson on Hume.- v. Further on Hume and emotivism.- vi. Sympathy, the is/ought gap and motivation.- VI Reasons and Persuasion.- i. Introductory.- ii. Ethical argument.- iii. The two patterns of analysis and the issue of relevance.- iv. Further on the two patterns
self-persuasion.- VII Hare's Critique of Emotivism.- i. Introductory.- ii. Hare: two groups of verbs and six differences.- VIII Does Prescriptivism Supersede Emotivism?.- i. Introductory.- ii. General criticism.- iii. Emotivism vs. prescriptivism.- iv. Moral thinking: two levels.