Truthlikeness

Ilkka Niiniluoto

[目次]

  • 1. Distance and Similarity.- 1.1. Metric Spaces and Distances.- 1.2. Topological Spaces and Uniformities.- 1.3. Degrees of Similarity.- 1.4. The Pragmatic Relativity of Similarity Relations.- 2. Logical Tools.- 2.1. Monadic Languages NL.- 2.2. Q-Predicates.- 2.3. State Descriptions.- 2.4. Structure Descriptions.- 2.5. Monadic Constituents.- 2.6. Monadic Languages with Identity.- 2.7. Polyadic Constituents.- 2.8. Distributive Normal Forms.- 2.9. First-Order Theories.- 2.10. Inductive Logic.- 2.11. Nomic Constituents.- 3. Quantities, State Spaces, and Laws.- 3.1. Quantities and Metrization.- 3.2. From Conceptual Systems to State Spaces.- 3.3. Laws of Coexistence.- 3.4. Laws of Succession.- 3.5. Probabilistic Laws.- 4. Cognitive Problems, Truth, and Information.- 4.1. Open and Closed Questions.- 4.2. Cognitive Problems.- 4.3. Truth.- 4.4. Vagueness.- 4.5. Semantic Information.- 5. The Concept of Truthlikeness.- 5.1. Truth, Error, and Fallibilism.- 5.2. Probability and Verisimilitude.- 5.3. Approach to the Truth.- 5.4. Truth: Parts and Degrees.- 5.5. Degrees of Truth: Attempted Definitions.- 5.6. Popper's Qualitative Theory of Truth-likeness.- 5.7. Quantitative Measures of Verisimilitude.- 6. The Similarity Approach to TruthLikeness.- 6.1. Spheres of Similarity.- 6.2. Targets.- 6.3. Distance on Cognitive Problems.- 6.4. Closeness to the Truth.- 6.5. Degrees of Truthlikeness.- 6.6. Comparison with the Tichy-Oddie Approach.- 6.7. Distance between Statements.- 6.8. Distance from Indefinite Truth.- 6.9. Cognitive Problems with False Presuppositions.- 7. Estimation of Truthlikeness.- 7.1. The Epistemic Problem of Truthlikeness.- 7.2. Estimated Degrees of Truthlikeness.- 7.3. Probable Verisimilitude.- 7.4. Errors of Observation.- 7.5. Counterfactual Presuppositions and Approximate Validity.- 8. Singular Statements.- 8.1. Simple Qualitative Singular Statements.- 8.2. Distance between State Descriptions.- 8.3. Distance between Structure Descriptions.- 8.4. Quantitative Singular Statements.- 9. Monadic Generalizations.- 9.1. Distance between Monadic Constituents.- 9.2. Monadic Constituents with Identity.- 9.3. Tichy-Oddie Distances.- 9.4. Existential and Universal Generalizations.- 9.5. Estimation Problem for Generalizations.- 10. Polyadic Theories.- 10.1. Distance between Polyadic Constituents.- 10.2. Complete Theories.- 10.3. Distance between Possible Worlds.- 10.4. First-Order Theories.- 11. Legisimilitude.- 11.1. Verisimilitude vs Legisimilitude.- 11.2. Distance between Nomic Constituents.- 11.3. Distance between Quantitative Laws.- 11.4. Approximation and Idealization.- 11.5. Probabilistic Laws.- 12. Verisimilitude as an Epistemic Utility.- 12.1. Cognitive Decision Theory.- 12.2. Epistemic Utilities: Truth, Information, and Truthlikeness.- 12.3. Comparison with Levi's Theory.- 12.4. Theoretical and Pragmatic Preference.- 12.5. Bayesian Estimation.- 13. Objections Answered.- 13.1. Verisimilitude as a Programme.- 13.2. The Problem of Linguistic Variance.- 13.3. Progress and Incommensurability.- 13.4. Truthlikeness and Logical Pragmatics.- Notes.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.

「Nielsen BookData」より

この本の情報

書名 Truthlikeness
著作者等 Niiniluoto, Ilkka
シリーズ名 Synthese library
出版元 D. Reidel Pub. Co.
刊行年月 c1987
ページ数 xvii, 518 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 9027723540
NCID BA0096496X
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 オランダ
この本を: 
このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加

Yahoo!ブックマークに登録
この記事をクリップ!
Clip to Evernote
このページを印刷

外部サイトで検索

この本と繋がる本を検索

ウィキペディアから連想