Ulysses and the Sirens : studies in rationality and irrationality

Jon Elster

This book was first published in 1984, as the revised edition of a 1979 original. The text is composed of studies in a descending sequence from perfect rationality, through imperfect and problematical rationality, to irrationality. Specifically human rationality is characterized by its capacity to relate strategically to the future, in contrast to the myopic 'gradient climbing' of natural selection. There is trenchant analysis of some of the parallels proposed in this connection between the biological and the social sciences. In the chapter on imperfect rationality the crucial notion is that of 'binding oneself', as Ulysses did before setting out to the Sirens, when weakness of will may prevent us from using our capacity for perfect rationality. The second half of the book deals with rational-actor theory, comparing its logical power and success to rival approaches, and with the varieties of irrationality expressed in contradictory beliefs and desires.

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[目次]

  • Preface to the revised edition
  • Preface and acknowledgements
  • Part I. Perfect Rationality: Beyond Gradient-Climbing: 1. Introduction
  • 2. The locally maximizing machine
  • 3. The globally maximizing machine
  • 4. Strategic behaviour in animals and men
  • 5. Functionalist explanation in sociology
  • Part II. Imperfect Rationality: Ulysses and the Sirens: 1. Introduction
  • 2. Towards a definition
  • 3. Pascal
  • 4. Descartes
  • 5. Inconsistent time preferences
  • 6. Endogenous change of preferences
  • 7. Precommitment in animal behaviour
  • 8. Abdication from power
  • 9. Some conclusions and further questions
  • Part III. Problematic Rationality: Some Unresolved Problems in the Theory of Rational Behaviour: 1. Introduction
  • 2. Games without solutions
  • 3. Lexicographic preferences
  • 4. Subjective probability
  • 5. Maximizing, satisficing and natural selection
  • 6. Traditional behaviour and random behaviour
  • 7. Explaining altruism
  • 8. Inconstancy
  • 9. Paradox
  • 10. And so what
  • Part IV. Irrationality: Contradictions of the Mind: 1. Introduction
  • 2. Hate
  • 3. Love
  • 4. Self-deception
  • References
  • Index.

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この本の情報

書名 Ulysses and the Sirens : studies in rationality and irrationality
著作者等 Elster, Jon
シリーズ名 Cambridge paperback library
出版元 Cambridge University Press
Editions de la maison des sciences de l'homme
刊行年月 1984
版表示 Rev. ed
ページ数 x, 193 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 2735100812
0521269849
NCID BA00914699
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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