Highlights of astronomy  [Vol. 1] ~ Vol. 16

Edited by Hucht, Karel A. van der

Recording the proceedings of the IAU XXVII General Assembly, this volume of Highlights of Astronomy provides an up-to-date review of modern astrophysics, as discussed by 2400 participants. Covering planets, stars, galaxies, dark matter and modern cosmology, it gives a broad overview, allowing specialists and non-specialists alike to bring themselves up to date with the latest developments. This text brings together the work of observers and theoreticians from widely different fields who work towards a common goal: understanding the physics of the Universe. Together with the Proceedings of the IAU Symposia 262-267, this volume examines all of the astrophysics presented at the General Assembly, and provides a valuable testament to the vigour and momentum of astrophysical discovery in 2009, the International Year of Astronomy.

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Since 1967, the main scientific events of the General Assemblies of the International Astronomical Union have been published in the separate series, Highlights of Astronomy. The present Volume 11 presents the major scientific presentations made at the XXIIIrd General Assembly, August 18-30, 1997, in Kyoto, Japan. The two volumes (11A+B) contain the texts of the three Invited Discourses as well as the proceedings or extended summaries of the 21 Joint Discussions and two Special Sessions held during the General Assembly.

「Nielsen BookData」より

Since 1967, the main scientific events of the General Assemblies of the International Astronomical Union have been published in the separate series, Highlights of Astronomy. The present Volume 11 presents the major scientific presentations made at the XXIIIrd General Assembly, August 18-30, 1997, in Kyoto, Japan. The two volumes (11A + B) contain the text of the three Invited Discourses as well as the proceedings or extended summaries of the 21 Joint Discussions and two Special Sessions held during the General Assembly.

「Nielsen BookData」より

Since 1967, the main scientific events of the General Assemblies of the International Astronomical Union have been published in the separate series, Highlights of Astronomy. The present Volume 11 presents the major scientific presentations made at the XXIIIrd General Assembly, August 18-30, 1997, in Kyoto, Japan. The two volumes (11A + B) contain the text of the three Invited Discourses as well as the proceedings or extended summaries of the 21 Joint Discussions and two Special Sessions held during the General Assembly.

「Nielsen BookData」より

Since 1967, the main scientific events of the General Assemblies of the International Astronomical Union have been published in the separate series, "Highlights of Astronomy". The present Volume 11 presents the major scientific presentations made at the XXIIIrd General Assembly, August 18-30, 1997, in Kyoto, Japan. The two volumes (11A+B) contain the texts of the three invited discourses as well as the proceedings or extended summaries of the 21 joint discussions and two special sessions held during the general assembly.

「Nielsen BookData」より

Since 1967, the most prominent events of a General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union have been published in a separate volume. The Highlights of Astronomy (Volume 10) reports the major scientific presentations made at the XXII General Assembly, August 15-27, 1994, The Hague, the Netherlands. The present volume contains the texts of the three invited Discourses and of the papers presented during the 14 Joint Discussions, a summary of two Joint Discussions, the papers presented during a Special Session and the summary of a second one, and the papers presented during two Working Group Meetings.

「Nielsen BookData」より

Since 1967, the most prominent events of a General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union have been published in a separate volume. "The Highlights of Astronomy" (Volume 10) reports the major scientific presentations made at the XXII General Assembly, August 15-27, 1994, The Hague, the Netherlands. The present volume contains the texts of the three invited Discourses and of the papers presented during the 14 Joint Discussions, a summary of two Joint Discussions, the papers presented during a Special Session and the summary of a second one, and the papers presented during two Working Group Meetings.

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Recording the proceedings of the IAU XXVI General Assembly, this volume of the IAU Highlights of Astronomy covers virtually all aspects of modern astrophysics as discussed by 2400 participants from 73 countries. Notably, the common aspects of astrophysical phenomena known to exist in widely differing interstellar environments is thoroughly examined, providing fertile cross correlation from one specialisation to another. This text highlights the importance of the triennial IAU General Assemblies in bringing together the work of observers and theoreticians in widely different fields, but working towards a common goal: understanding the physics of the Universe. Together with the Proceedings of the IAU Symposia 235-240, this volume examines all of the astrophysics presented at the General Assembly.

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[目次]

  • 1. Galactic Structure in the Direction of the Polar Caps.- Introductory Remarks.- One Galactic Structure at Lower z Distances - Space Densities and Motions - The Solar Neighbourhood - M Dwarfs - Missing Mass.- M Dwarfs at Lower z Distances.- Available Stellar Data in Galactic Polar Areas.- Bibliography on Galactic Structure in the Direction of Polar Caps.- M Dwarfs and the Missing Mass.- Some Research Programmes into Galactic Structure at the Galactic Caps Under Way at the Royal Greenwich Observatory.- The Space Density of M Dwarfs - An Observational Program.- The Luminosity Function of Late-Type Main-Sequence Stars in the Direction of the North Galactic Cap.- Galactic Mass Density in the Vicinity of the Sun.- The Frequency of Faint M Giant Stars at High Galactic Latitudes.- General Discussion of Topics in Part One.- Two Galactic Structure at Higher z Distances - Space Densities and Motions - Different Stellar Populations and Chemical Abundances.- The Stellar Distribution Above the Galactic Plane: An Introduction.- Some Results of Classification of Stars in Kapteyn Areas Applied to Galactic Structure in NGP.- Mean Chemical Abundance of the F Stars as a Function of Distance from the Galactic Plane.- RGU Three-Colour-Photometry Towards the NGP: Halo-to-Disk Mass Ratio.- Density Law, Vertical Distribution and Vertical Gradient of Metal Abundances for G and K Giants.- Polarization Measurements and Extinction Near the NGP.- Parallaxes of Selected Stars Near the NGP.- Progress Report on a Search for Parallax Stars in the Region of the South Galactic Cap.- Search for Large Radial Velocities in the Direction of NGP Using the Fehrenbach Techniques.- The Gravitational Field of the Galaxy in the z Direction.- Berkeley Studies of Faint Stars at High Latitudes.- Swedish Programmes Concerning the z Distribution of Stars.- Studies of A and F Stars in the Region of the NGP.- The Distribution of Field Horizontal-Branch Stars in the Galactic Halo.- A New Program to Determine K (z) from Main Sequence Stars.- Objective-Prism Radial Velocities at High Latitudes.- Discussion of the Calculation of the Density Law (Dz).- Motions of Near-Polar K-Giants Along the z Coordinate.- General Discussion of Topics in Part Two.- Three Summary and Conclusions - Present Results and Future Problems for Study.- The Role of Proper Motions in Determining the Luminosity and Density Functions.- Concluding Remarks Part Two.- Current Results and Suggestions for Future Work.- 5. Stellar Atmospheres as Indicator and Factor of Stellar Evolution.- Introduction-Observational Evidence.- Introductory Talk.- Observational Evidence for Atmospheric Physical Characteristics Relevant to Stellar Evolution.- Behaviour of Microturbulence with Evolution.- Observational Evidence for Atmospheric Chemical Composition Peculiarities Relevant to Stellar Evolution.- Stellar Atmospheres as Boundary Condition of Internal Structure.- Sensitivity of Internal Structure to the Surface Boundary Condition.- Boundary Conditions with Mass Loss: General Considerations.- Mass Loss in Stars of Moderate Mass by Stellar Winds and Effects on the Evolution.- Boundary Condition with Mass Loss: The Radiatively-Driven Wind Model.- Alteration of Surface Chemical Composition of Stars by Transport Phenomena.- Stratification of Elements in a Quiet Atmosphere: Diffusion Processes.- Competition Between Diffusion Processes and Hydrodynamical Instabilities in Stellar Envelopes.- Alteration of Surface Chemical Composition of Stars by Nuclear Reaction.- Mixing Between Burned Core Material and Surface Layers.- Decay of Light Elements in Stellar Envelopes.- Conclusion.- 6. The Small Scale Structure of Solar Magnetic Fields.- Observations of Small-Scale Photospheric Magnetic Fields.- Small Scale Solar Magnetic Fields: Theory.- Some Comments on the Measurement of Small Scale Strong Magnetic Fields on the Sun.- Line Profiles of Faculae and Pores.- Facular Models, the K-Line, and Magnetic Fields.- Small Magnetostatic Flux Tubes.- Flows in Magnetic Flux Tubes.- Discussion.- Concluding Remarks.- 7. The Impact of Ultraviolet Observations on Spectral Classification.- Present Status of Spectral Classification in the Conventional Wavelength Range with Emphasis Upon Early-Type Stars.- Spectral Classification of Early-Type Stars from the Low Dispersion Ultraviolet Spectra.- Spectral Classification of B and A Stars from the Line Features of S2/68 Spectra.- Behaviors of B Star Continua and Absorption Features Determined from the TDl S2/68 "Ultraviolet Bright Star Spectrophotometric Catalogue" and from Copernicus Spectra.- Discussion.- Spectral Classification Using ANS Photometric Data.- Spectral Classification with Objective-Prism Spectra from Skylab.- Discussion.- An Atlas of Ultraviolet Stellar Spectra.- A New Temperature Scale for B Stars Based on OAO-2 Data.- Extreme Ultraviolet Observations of White Dwarfs.- The Near Ultraviolet Spectrum of Fe III as a Classification Criterion.- A Catalogue of 0.2 A Resolution Far-Ultraviolet Stellar Spectra Measured with Copernicus.- Spectral Classification from Copernicus Data.- The Ultraviolet Spectrum of ? Lyrae.- The Mg II Features Near 2800 A and Spectral Classification.- Discussion.- Concluding Remarks.- Observational Evidence of the Heterogeneities of the Stellar Surfaces.- Heterogeneity of the Solar Atmosphere.- The Heterogeneity of Surfaces of Magnetic Ap Stars.- Starspots on by DRA-Type Stars.- Starspots on AR Lac Type Stars.- Direct Observations of the Heterogeneity of Supergiant Disks.- On the Spottedness and Magnetic Field of T TAU-Type Stars.

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[目次]

  • 15. The Combination of Theory, Observations and Simulation for the Dynamics of Stars and Star Clusters in the Galaxy. 16. Spectroscopy with Large Telescopes on Chemically Peculiar Stars. 17. History of Oriental Astronomy. 18. High Energy Transients. 19. Physics of the Sun and Heliosphere in the Era of Space Probes: Scientific Highlights of SOHO, Ulysses and YOHKO. 20. Enhancing Astronomical Research and Education in the Developing Countries. 21. The Megamaser - AGN Connection. 22. Astronomy from the Moon. 23. The Leonid Meteor Storms: Historical Significance and Upcoming Opportunities. 24. Pulsating Stars - Recent Developments in Theory and Observation. III: Special Scientific Sessions. SPS I: The Galileo Mission to the Jupiter System. SPS II: Highlights of the ISO Mission. SPS III: Comet Hale-Bopp. Author Index.

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[目次]

  • 15. The Combination of Theory, Observations and Simulation for the Dynamics of Stars and Star Clusters in the Galaxy. 16. Spectroscopy with Large Telescopes on Chemically Peculiar Stars. 17. History of Oriental Astronomy. 18. High Energy Transients. 19. Physics of the Sun and Heliosphere in the Era of Space Probes: Scientific Highlights of SOHO, Ulysses and YOHKO. 20. Enhancing Astronomical Research and Education in the Developing Countries. 21. The Megamaser - AGN Connection. 22. Astronomy from the Moon. 23. The Leonid Meteor Storms: Historical Significance and Upcoming Opportunities. 24. Pulsating Stars - Recent Developments in Theory and Observation. III: Special Scientific Sessions. SPS I: The Galileo Mission to the Jupiter System. SPS II: Highlights of the ISO Mission. SPS III: Comet Hale-Bopp. Author Index.

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[目次]

  • Invited Discourses & A Selected Paper.- The Interplay of Molecular Spectroscopy and Astronomy.- Stellar Evolution and Close Binaries.- The Role of General Relativity in Astronomy: Retrospect and Prospect.- Scientific Need for Space Astronomy (presented to Commission 44).- Joint Discussions.- Joint Commission Meetings.- Author Index.

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[目次]

  • Invited Discourses & A Selected Paper.- The Interplay of Molecular Spectroscopy and Astronomy.- Stellar Evolution and Close Binaries.- The Role of General Relativity in Astronomy: Retrospect and Prospect.- Scientific Need for Space Astronomy (presented to Commission 44).- Joint Discussions.- Joint Commission Meetings.- Author Index.

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[目次]

  • Invited Discourses.- Astronomy in Ancient Greece.- The Origin and Early History of the Sun and the Planetary System in the Context of Stellar Evolution.- Modern Cosmology.- Original and Development of Solar Flares.- Joint Discussions.- 1. Solar Luminosity Variations (Chairaman: J.A. Eddy).- 2. Evolution in Old Stellar Populations in Galaxies (Chairaman: G. Lynga).- 3. The Extragalactic Distance Scale and the Hubble Constant (Chairaman: P.W. Hodge).- 5. Origin and Evolution of Interplanetary Objects (Chairaman: B.A. Lindblad).- 6. Active Galactic Nuclei (Chairaman: F. Pacini).- 7. Mass Loss Phenomena (Chairaman: A.G. Hearn).- Joint Commission Meetings.- 1. Giant H II Complexes Outside Our Galaxy (Chairaman: J. Heidmann).- 2. UV and X-Ray Observations of Interacting Binary Systems (Chairaman: Y. Kondo).- 3. The Violent Interstellar Medium (Chairaman: V. Radhakrishnan).- 4. Coma Models (Chairaman: B.D. Donn).- 5. Beams and Jets in Extragalactic Sources (Chairaman: R.D. Ekers).- 6. The Local Supercluster and its Environment (Chairamen: G.O. Abell and B.E. Westerlund).- 7. Atomic and Molecular Data (Chairamen: W. Bonsack, J.G. Phillips and G. Traving).- Author Index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Invited Discourses.- Astronomy in Ancient Greece.- The Origin and Early History of the Sun and the Planetary System in the Context of Stellar Evolution.- Modern Cosmology.- Original and Development of Solar Flares.- Joint Discussions.- 1. Solar Luminosity Variations (Chairaman: J.A. Eddy).- 2. Evolution in Old Stellar Populations in Galaxies (Chairaman: G. Lynga).- 3. The Extragalactic Distance Scale and the Hubble Constant (Chairaman: P.W. Hodge).- 5. Origin and Evolution of Interplanetary Objects (Chairaman: B.A. Lindblad).- 6. Active Galactic Nuclei (Chairaman: F. Pacini).- 7. Mass Loss Phenomena (Chairaman: A.G. Hearn).- Joint Commission Meetings.- 1. Giant H II Complexes Outside Our Galaxy (Chairaman: J. Heidmann).- 2. UV and X-Ray Observations of Interacting Binary Systems (Chairaman: Y. Kondo).- 3. The Violent Interstellar Medium (Chairaman: V. Radhakrishnan).- 4. Coma Models (Chairaman: B.D. Donn).- 5. Beams and Jets in Extragalactic Sources (Chairaman: R.D. Ekers).- 6. The Local Supercluster and its Environment (Chairamen: G.O. Abell and B.E. Westerlund).- 7. Atomic and Molecular Data (Chairamen: W. Bonsack, J.G. Phillips and G. Traving).- Author Index.

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[目次]

  • Invited Discourses.- Halley's Comet.- I: Ground-based Observations.- II: Space Studies.- 2. The Rise and Fall of Quasars.- 3. Galaxy Formation and Dark Matter.- Joint Discussions.- 1. New Developments in Documentation and Data Services for Astronomers.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Developments in primary publishing.- 3. Developments in information retrieval and distribution.- 4. Developments in data archiving and retrieval.- 5. The changing role of astronomical libraries.- 6. Summary.- Acknowledgements.- References.- Additional paper: The selection of scientific and technical records for permanent retention.- 2. Formation and Evolution of Stars in Binary Systems.- New observational clues on binary formation in the galaxy.- A search for planetary-mass companions to nearby stars.- Spectroscopic binaries among low-mass pre-main sequence stars.- Binary frequency among pre-main sequence stars in Taurus and Ophiuchus.- Brown dwarfs in binary systems.- Cloud collapse and fragmentation.- Criteria for collapse and fragmentation of rotating clouds.- Mathematical status of the fission theory.- Numerical simulations of fission.- The J vs M relation for binary stars.- The formation and evolution of binaries in globular clusters.- Binaries from unstable triples. Dynamical processes of formation.- "Undisturbed" evolution in binaries.- Disturbed binaries: the early phases.- Binary Wolf-Rayet stars.- Progress of common envelope evolution.- Millisecond pulsars.- Evolution of cataclysmic binaries.- The AM Her period spike.- A new progenitor model of type Ia supernovae.- Concluding remarks.- 3. Supernova 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud.- Editorial.- Supernova 1987A: light curves and their interpretation.- Evidence for asymmetries in SN1987A.- Gamma-ray lines from SN1987A and interpretation.- Interpretation of the CO bands of supernova 1987A.- Three dimensional hydrodynamical simulation of type II supernova.- NLTE calculations of hydrogen line profiles for SN1987A.- Non-equilibrium thermal X-ray emission in the early phase of supernova remnant.- Additional papers: Effects of the soft X-ray burst from SN1987A on its circumstellar medium.- Neutrinos: detection and interpretation.- 4. The Cosmic Dust Connection in Interplanetary Space: Comets, Interstellar Dust and Families of Minor PLanets.- From interstellar dust to comet dust and interplanetary particles.- What are families of minor planets?.- IRAS dust bands and the origin of the zodiacal cloud.- Spatially varying optical properties of the zodiacal dust.- What we know about families of asteroids.- Comets, meteorites and interplanetary dust.- Dynamics and spatial shape of short-period meteoroid streams.- Cometary dust and zodiacal light connection.- Dust from the comets.- The origin and physical characteristics of meteoroids.- 5. Atomic and Molecular Data for Astrochemistry.- Atomic and molecular data for diffuse cloud chemistry.- Ultraviolet, visible, and infrared spectroscopy of interstellar molecules.- Microwave spectroscopy of astrophysical molecules.- Some salient features of evolving models of interstellar clouds.- Molecules in circumstellar envelopes.- Atomic and molecular data for stellar physics.- Chemistry in dense interstellar clouds/Data requirements.- Chemistry in shocks.- Chemical effects of interstellar grains.- The volatile composition of comets.- Atmospheres of planets and their satellites.- Disk and Jets on Various Scales in the Universe.- The far-infrared (IRAS) excess in Roberts 22 and related objects.- Recent observations of the beams in SS433.- Large scale jets in Class I and Class II radio sources and quasars.- Synchrotron thermal instabilities and radio filaments in the lobes of Cygnus A.- Gravitation and jet induced velocities in the narrow line region of active galaxies.- Two-flow model for extragalactic radio jets.- 7. The Hubble Space Telescope - Status and Perspectives.- The science program of the Hubble Space Telescope.- Hubble Space Telescope second generation instrument selection.- Wide field/planetary camera-II for the Hubble Space Telescope.- The Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS).- The next generation: an 8-16 m space telescope.- Space astronomy - The next thirty years.- Joint Commssion Meetings.- 1. For Milliarcsecond or Better Accuracy.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Observational accuracies.- 3. Theoretical Developments.- 4. Computational considerations.- 5. Working Group Reports.- 2. Solar and Stellar Coronae.- 1. G. Newkirk's contribution to coronal studies.- 2. Structure of the Solar Corona.- 3. Coronal heating: theoretical ideas.- 4. An update on X-ray emission from stars.- 5. Solar and stellar winds.- 6. Coronal instabilities.- 7. Accretion disk coronae.- 8. Solar and stellar flares.- 3. High Angular Resolution Imaging from the Ground.- Principles of imaging using arrays.- Is the imaging problem identical in all wave bands?.- Review of linked array instruments.- Very long baseline interferometry.- Millimeter wave interferometry.- Meter wave interferometry.- Long baseline optical interferometry.- Speckle interferometry.- Infrared long baseline interferometry.- Active control and adaptive optics for optical interferometers.- Galactic and extragalactic applications.- The application of optical arrays to solar system and stellar problems.- Optical interferometry: summary and perspectives.- 4. Molecules in External Galaxies.- The molecular spiral structure in M51 derived from CO(J = 2 - 1) line observations.- Molecular cloud spiral arms and results from tidal interaction modeling.- CO in NGC4438 and tidal stripping in the Virgo cluster.- CO observations of the central region of NGC4258.- The correlation of CO and IR emission from galaxies: what does it tell us?.- Can galactic GMCs be identified from l-v diagrams?.- Warm gas and spatial variations of molecular excitation in the nuclear region of IC342.- Recent CO(2-1) observations of galaxies with the CSO.- Molecules in galaxies: results from Bell Laboratories.- CO in M82 and other middly active galaxies.- Molecular clouds in dwarf irregular galaxies.- Molecular clouds in the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds.- CO in early type galaxies.- The ratio of H2 to HI gas in infrared luminous galaxies.- Molecular gas in galactic nuclei.- 5. Spectroscopy of Individual Stars in Globlular and the Early Chemical Evolution of Our Galaxy.- Summary.- 6. Stellar Photomety with Modern Array Detectors.- and basic references for stellar photometry with CCD.- CCD imagers for astronomy: past problems and future hopes.- The CCD mosaic project by ESO and INSU/Toulouse Observatory.- Ground-based photometric calibration of the Space Telescope CCD camera.- Some factors affecting the accuracy of stellar photometry with CCDs.- CCD data taking modes and flatfielding problems.- High precision crowded field photometry.- Analytical approximation of long-exposure point spread functions and their use.- Photometric data archives.- 7. Star Clusters in the Magellanic Clouds.- Additional Joint Commission Meeting.- Systematic Observations of the Sun.- Summary.- 1. Observations.- 2. Modeling implications.- 3. Future work.- Additional Contributors.- The microwave background radiation: recent advances and new problems.- Submillimeter spectrum of the cosmic background radiation.- The status of Big Bang nucleosynthesis in July 1988.- Author Index.

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[目次]

  • Invited Discourses.- L'Astronomie Infrarouge et les Poussieres Galactiques.- Astronomy and the Laws of Physics.- Exploration of the Planets.- Joint Discussions.- 2. X-Ray Binaries and Compact Objects.- 3. Space Missions to the Moon and Planets.- 4. Clusters of Galaxies, Cosmology and Intergalactic Matter.- Joint Meetings.- Prospects in Space Astrometry.

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[目次]

  • Invited Discourses.- Pulsars and their Genesis.- Dark Matter in the Universe.- Venus.- Joint Discussions.- 1. Reference Frames.- Uses and Required Characteristics of Reference Frames for Galactic Astronomy.- Reference Frames for Minor Planets, Comets and Satellites.- Reference Frames and the Extragalactic Distance Scale.- Requirements for Earth Rotation Parameters.- Ephemerides and Celestial Mechanics.- Status Report on the Work on the FK5.- J2000.0.- Classical Absolute/Differential Programs.- The Background to the MERIT/COTES Recommendations on the Terrestrial and Celestial Reference Systems.- HIPPARCOS and Celestial Reference Frame.- The Use of the Hubble Space Telescope for Global Reference Frame Work.- Proper Motions Referred to Faint Galaxies.- Reference Frame Studies at JPL/ Caltech.- On the Use of Natural References.- Relativistic Reference Frames in Astrometry.- Comparison of the Optical and Radio Reference Frames.- The Promise of Optical/IR Interferometry and Space Astrometry.- Reference Frame/Coordinate System in General Relativity.- Discussions.- 2. Long-Period Eclipsing Binary Stars and Related Objects.- Photometry of the Recent Eclipse of Epsilon Aurigae.- A Spectroscopic View of Epsilon Aurigae.- Interpretation of the Data of Epsilon Aurigae.- Observation and Interpretation of Zeta Aurigae Stars.- Related Binaries, Including Symbiotic Stars.- Mass Transfer and Evolution in Long-Period Binary Systems.- Wind Accretion and Interaction in Long Period Binary Systems.- Summary and Critique of Joint Discussion II.- Extraction of the Shell Spectrum of Epsilon Aurigae.- Dynamics of the Epsilon Aurigae Ring Model.- Interim Discussion of the Orbit of ? Sagittae.- Evidence for the Roche Lobe Overflow in VV Cephei.- Infrared Michelson Interferometry of Zeta Aurigae Type Supergiants.- Very Long Period Supergiant Semidetached and Contact Systems.- 3. Solar and Stellar Nonradial Oscillations.- Progress and Problems in the Study of the Pulsating White Dwarf Stars.- The PG1159 Variables.- Non-Radial Oscillations in ? Scuti Stars and Rapidly Oscillating Ap Stars.- Beta Cephei Variables.- Nonradial and Radial Oscillations Observed in Non-Emission Line OB Dwarfs and Giants.- Non-Radial Pulsation in Be Stars.- Radial and Non-Radial Pulsations in Wolf-Rayet Stars and in Supergiants.- Solar and Solar-Like Oscillations: Theory.- 4. Radio Astronomy and Cosmology.- Cosmic Microwave Background Spectrum Measurements.- The Angular Distribution of the Cosmic Background Radiation.- Ovro Results on the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect, 1983-1985.- The Microwave Background from Cambridge.- Searches for Primordial Pancakes.- Intergalactic Neutral Hydrogen.- The Nature of Faint Radio Sources.- Is the Upturn in the Source Counts Caused by Primeval Radio Galaxies ?.- A New Deep VLA Radio Survey at 6 cm.- Dependence of Linear Sizes and Spectral Indices of Extended Radio Galaxies on Redshift and Radio Luminosity.- Abundances of the Very Light Elements (D, 3He, 4He and 7Li) and Primordial Nucleosynthesis.- 5. Stellar Activity: Rotation and Magnetic Fields.- Stellar Dynamo Characteristics.- Stellar Activity Cycles.- On the Rotation-Activity Connection.- Convection as a Regulator of Dynamos.- The Measurement of Stellar Photospheric Magnetic Fields.- The Dichotomy Between CO Absorptions and Ca II Emissions in the Sun and Stars: An Indirect Diagnostic for Gas Disturbed by Magnetic Fields ?.- Starspots and Plages.- A Study of Three RS CVn-type Eclipsing Binaries.- Coronal Magnetic Fields.- Properties of Stellar Magnetic Fields in Close Binaries Deduced from Non-thermal Radio Observations.- Stellar X-ray and Radio Activities and Coronal Magnetic Field.- On Active Stars, Coronal Loops, Magnetic Braking and All That.- 6. Evolution in Young Populations in Galaxies.- The Concept of Young Populations.- Evolution of High Mass Stars.- The Dynamical Evolution of Young Clussters and Associations.- The Initial Mass Function in Young Star Clusters.- Discussion.- Structure and Evolution of Giant Molecular Clouds.- Molecular Clouds in M51 and in the Galaxy.- The Molecular Cloud Content of Spiral and Dwarf Galaxies.- Discussion.- Star Formation, Giant HII Regions and Spiral Structure.- Young Stars and Star Formation in Normal Irregular Galaxies.- Discussion.- Chemical Evolution of Galaxies.- Star Formation Bursts in Galaxies.- Discussion.- Summary.- 7. Supernovae.- Centenary of S Andromedae (SN 1885a).- Problems of Observing Nearby Galaxies Visually.- Some Possible Identification Between Chinese Guest Stars and Supernova Remnants.- Supernovae in Flocculent and Grand Design Galaxies.- Recent Optical Observations of Supernovae.- Supernovae and Stellar Mass Loss.- Models for the Early and Late Spectra of Supernovae.- NL TE-Effects in Supernovae Type II Photospheres.- Models of Type II Supernova Explosions.- Effects of Angular Momentum on Supernova Explosion and Stability of Rapidly Rotating Stellar Cores.- Gravitational Radiation by a Collapsing Rotating Stellar Core.- Phase Transitions of Superdense Matter and Supernova Explosion.- X-ray Emission from Supernova Remnants.- Supernovae and Cosmology.- VL BI Observations of the Compact Components in M82.- Radio Supernova Candidates in the M82 Starburst.- Joint Commission Meetings.- Hipparcos.- The ESA Space Astrometry Mission: Overview and Status.- Activities of the Input Catalogue Consortium.- Preparation of the Mission: Earth-based Photometry.- Preparation of the Mission: Earth-based Astrometry.- Activities of the Data Reduction Consortia.- Tycho: Photometry & Astrometry for more than 500 000 Stars.- The Tycho Input Catalogue.- Link with Extragalactic Reference Frames.- Coronal Activity and Interplanetary Disturbances.- Coronal Activity at Radio Wavelengths.- Coronal Response to Energy Release During Solar Flares.- Correlated Observations of Impulsive UV and Hard X-ray Bursts from the Solar Maximum Mission.- Coronal Mass Ejections.- The Sources of Major Heliospheric Disturbances.- The Response of Microwave Emission to the Development of Active Regions.- Coronal Holes and Flare Related Phenomena.- Coronal Structures Observed at Meter Wavelengths.- The Nancay Multifrequency Radioheliograph.- An Energy Storage Mechanism for a Solar Flare by Shearing the Magnetic Field.- Merit + Cotes.- Joint Summary Report of the IAU/IUGG Working Groups on the Rotation of the Earth and the Terrestrial Reference System.- Report of Joint Meeting Held on 1985 November 22 to consider the MERIT/COTES Recommendations for a New International Earth-rotation Service.- Synthetic Photometry.- Principles and Scope of Synthetic Photometry.- The Possibilities of Synthetic Photometry.- Passbands and Photometric Systems.- Observed Stellar Energy Distributions for Synthetic Photometry.- Theoretical Stellar Energy Distributions.- Synthetic Photometry and the Calibration of the Hubble Space Telescope.- Standard Stars.- The Microfiche of Standard Stars.- Energy Distribution, Photometry and Physical Characteristics of the Sun and Solar Analogs.- On the Absolute Energy Distributions of the Sun, of the "Solar Analogs" 16 Cyg B, 16 Cyg A, VB 64 and of Vega.- Note.- Additional Contributions.- New Radio Telescopes.- A Reconsideration of the Galactic Constants.- Author Index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Invited Discourses.- Pulsars and their Genesis.- Dark Matter in the Universe.- Venus.- Joint Discussions.- 1. Reference Frames.- Uses and Required Characteristics of Reference Frames for Galactic Astronomy.- Reference Frames for Minor Planets, Comets and Satellites.- Reference Frames and the Extragalactic Distance Scale.- Requirements for Earth Rotation Parameters.- Ephemerides and Celestial Mechanics.- Status Report on the Work on the FK5.- J2000.0.- Classical Absolute/Differential Programs.- The Background to the MERIT/COTES Recommendations on the Terrestrial and Celestial Reference Systems.- HIPPARCOS and Celestial Reference Frame.- The Use of the Hubble Space Telescope for Global Reference Frame Work.- Proper Motions Referred to Faint Galaxies.- Reference Frame Studies at JPL/ Caltech.- On the Use of Natural References.- Relativistic Reference Frames in Astrometry.- Comparison of the Optical and Radio Reference Frames.- The Promise of Optical/IR Interferometry and Space Astrometry.- Reference Frame/Coordinate System in General Relativity.- Discussions.- 2. Long-Period Eclipsing Binary Stars and Related Objects.- Photometry of the Recent Eclipse of Epsilon Aurigae.- A Spectroscopic View of Epsilon Aurigae.- Interpretation of the Data of Epsilon Aurigae.- Observation and Interpretation of Zeta Aurigae Stars.- Related Binaries, Including Symbiotic Stars.- Mass Transfer and Evolution in Long-Period Binary Systems.- Wind Accretion and Interaction in Long Period Binary Systems.- Summary and Critique of Joint Discussion II.- Extraction of the Shell Spectrum of Epsilon Aurigae.- Dynamics of the Epsilon Aurigae Ring Model.- Interim Discussion of the Orbit of ? Sagittae.- Evidence for the Roche Lobe Overflow in VV Cephei.- Infrared Michelson Interferometry of Zeta Aurigae Type Supergiants.- Very Long Period Supergiant Semidetached and Contact Systems.- 3. Solar and Stellar Nonradial Oscillations.- Progress and Problems in the Study of the Pulsating White Dwarf Stars.- The PG1159 Variables.- Non-Radial Oscillations in ? Scuti Stars and Rapidly Oscillating Ap Stars.- Beta Cephei Variables.- Nonradial and Radial Oscillations Observed in Non-Emission Line OB Dwarfs and Giants.- Non-Radial Pulsation in Be Stars.- Radial and Non-Radial Pulsations in Wolf-Rayet Stars and in Supergiants.- Solar and Solar-Like Oscillations: Theory.- 4. Radio Astronomy and Cosmology.- Cosmic Microwave Background Spectrum Measurements.- The Angular Distribution of the Cosmic Background Radiation.- Ovro Results on the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect, 1983-1985.- The Microwave Background from Cambridge.- Searches for Primordial Pancakes.- Intergalactic Neutral Hydrogen.- The Nature of Faint Radio Sources.- Is the Upturn in the Source Counts Caused by Primeval Radio Galaxies ?.- A New Deep VLA Radio Survey at 6 cm.- Dependence of Linear Sizes and Spectral Indices of Extended Radio Galaxies on Redshift and Radio Luminosity.- Abundances of the Very Light Elements (D, 3He, 4He and 7Li) and Primordial Nucleosynthesis.- 5. Stellar Activity: Rotation and Magnetic Fields.- Stellar Dynamo Characteristics.- Stellar Activity Cycles.- On the Rotation-Activity Connection.- Convection as a Regulator of Dynamos.- The Measurement of Stellar Photospheric Magnetic Fields.- The Dichotomy Between CO Absorptions and Ca II Emissions in the Sun and Stars: An Indirect Diagnostic for Gas Disturbed by Magnetic Fields ?.- Starspots and Plages.- A Study of Three RS CVn-type Eclipsing Binaries.- Coronal Magnetic Fields.- Properties of Stellar Magnetic Fields in Close Binaries Deduced from Non-thermal Radio Observations.- Stellar X-ray and Radio Activities and Coronal Magnetic Field.- On Active Stars, Coronal Loops, Magnetic Braking and All That.- 6. Evolution in Young Populations in Galaxies.- The Concept of Young Populations.- Evolution of High Mass Stars.- The Dynamical Evolution of Young Clussters and Associations.- The Initial Mass Function in Young Star Clusters.- Discussion.- Structure and Evolution of Giant Molecular Clouds.- Molecular Clouds in M51 and in the Galaxy.- The Molecular Cloud Content of Spiral and Dwarf Galaxies.- Discussion.- Star Formation, Giant HII Regions and Spiral Structure.- Young Stars and Star Formation in Normal Irregular Galaxies.- Discussion.- Chemical Evolution of Galaxies.- Star Formation Bursts in Galaxies.- Discussion.- Summary.- 7. Supernovae.- Centenary of S Andromedae (SN 1885a).- Problems of Observing Nearby Galaxies Visually.- Some Possible Identification Between Chinese Guest Stars and Supernova Remnants.- Supernovae in Flocculent and Grand Design Galaxies.- Recent Optical Observations of Supernovae.- Supernovae and Stellar Mass Loss.- Models for the Early and Late Spectra of Supernovae.- NL TE-Effects in Supernovae Type II Photospheres.- Models of Type II Supernova Explosions.- Effects of Angular Momentum on Supernova Explosion and Stability of Rapidly Rotating Stellar Cores.- Gravitational Radiation by a Collapsing Rotating Stellar Core.- Phase Transitions of Superdense Matter and Supernova Explosion.- X-ray Emission from Supernova Remnants.- Supernovae and Cosmology.- VL BI Observations of the Compact Components in M82.- Radio Supernova Candidates in the M82 Starburst.- Joint Commission Meetings.- Hipparcos.- The ESA Space Astrometry Mission: Overview and Status.- Activities of the Input Catalogue Consortium.- Preparation of the Mission: Earth-based Photometry.- Preparation of the Mission: Earth-based Astrometry.- Activities of the Data Reduction Consortia.- Tycho: Photometry & Astrometry for more than 500 000 Stars.- The Tycho Input Catalogue.- Link with Extragalactic Reference Frames.- Coronal Activity and Interplanetary Disturbances.- Coronal Activity at Radio Wavelengths.- Coronal Response to Energy Release During Solar Flares.- Correlated Observations of Impulsive UV and Hard X-ray Bursts from the Solar Maximum Mission.- Coronal Mass Ejections.- The Sources of Major Heliospheric Disturbances.- The Response of Microwave Emission to the Development of Active Regions.- Coronal Holes and Flare Related Phenomena.- Coronal Structures Observed at Meter Wavelengths.- The Nancay Multifrequency Radioheliograph.- An Energy Storage Mechanism for a Solar Flare by Shearing the Magnetic Field.- Merit + Cotes.- Joint Summary Report of the IAU/IUGG Working Groups on the Rotation of the Earth and the Terrestrial Reference System.- Report of Joint Meeting Held on 1985 November 22 to consider the MERIT/COTES Recommendations for a New International Earth-rotation Service.- Synthetic Photometry.- Principles and Scope of Synthetic Photometry.- The Possibilities of Synthetic Photometry.- Passbands and Photometric Systems.- Observed Stellar Energy Distributions for Synthetic Photometry.- Theoretical Stellar Energy Distributions.- Synthetic Photometry and the Calibration of the Hubble Space Telescope.- Standard Stars.- The Microfiche of Standard Stars.- Energy Distribution, Photometry and Physical Characteristics of the Sun and Solar Analogs.- On the Absolute Energy Distributions of the Sun, of the "Solar Analogs" 16 Cyg B, 16 Cyg A, VB 64 and of Vega.- Note.- Additional Contributions.- New Radio Telescopes.- A Reconsideration of the Galactic Constants.- Author Index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Preface. I. Invited Discourses. II. Joint Discussions. III. Special Scientific Sessions. Author Index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Preface. I. Invited Discourses. II. Joint Discussions. III. Special Scientific Sessions. Author Index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Preface
  • I. Appenzeller. I. Invited Discourses. Recent Advances in X-Ray Astronomy
  • Y. Tanaka. Earth Rotation Variation from Hours to Centuries
  • J. O. Dickey. The High Energy Frontier
  • C. Rubbia. II. Joint Discussions. Women in Astronomy
  • S. Torres-Peimbert. History of Astronomy
  • S. Debarbat. '75 Years of the IAU'. 'Work in Progress'. Current Developments in Astronomy Education
  • J. R. Percy. Towards the Establishment of the Astronomical Standards
  • T. Fukushima. Nutation
  • V. Dehant. Timescales: State of the Art
  • E. Proverbio. Sun and Heliosphere - Challenges for Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Magneto- and Hydrodynamics
  • M. C. E. Huber. Helio- and Astroseismology
  • W. Dappen. Dust around Young Stars: How Related to Solar System Dust? Summary
  • M. S. Hanner. Accuracy of the HR Diagram and Related Parameters
  • M. Gerbaldi. Recent Advances in Convection Theory and Modelling: Summary
  • S. Sofia. Stellar and Interstellar Lithium and Primordial Nucleosynthesis
  • F. Spite. Extragalactic Planetary Nebulae
  • Y. Terzian. Activity in the Central Part of Galaxies
  • V. Trimble. Astrophysical Applications of Powerful New Atomic Databases
  • W. L. Wiese. 'The New Atomic Databases'. 'Stellar Atmospheres'. 'Stellar Structure'. The Status of Archiving Astronomical Data: Summary
  • R.E.M. Griffin. III. Special Sessions. The Collision of Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter
  • C. de Bergh. Gravitational Lens Monitoring: Summary
  • J.-P. Swings. IV. Working Group Meetings: A. H. Batten. Problems of Astronomy in Africa. International Catalog Projects. Index of Authors.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Preface
  • I. Appenzeller. I. Invited Discourses. Recent Advances in X-Ray Astronomy
  • Y. Tanaka. Earth Rotation Variation from Hours to Centuries
  • J. O. Dickey. The High Energy Frontier
  • C. Rubbia. II. Joint Discussions. Women in Astronomy
  • S. Torres-Peimbert. History of Astronomy
  • S. Debarbat. '75 Years of the IAU'. 'Work in Progress'. Current Developments in Astronomy Education
  • J. R. Percy. Towards the Establishment of the Astronomical Standards
  • T. Fukushima. Nutation
  • V. Dehant. Timescales: State of the Art
  • E. Proverbio. Sun and Heliosphere - Challenges for Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Magneto- and Hydrodynamics
  • M. C. E. Huber. Helio- and Astroseismology
  • W. Dappen. Dust around Young Stars: How Related to Solar System Dust? Summary
  • M. S. Hanner. Accuracy of the HR Diagram and Related Parameters
  • M. Gerbaldi. Recent Advances in Convection Theory and Modelling: Summary
  • S. Sofia. Stellar and Interstellar Lithium and Primordial Nucleosynthesis
  • F. Spite. Extragalactic Planetary Nebulae
  • Y. Terzian. Activity in the Central Part of Galaxies
  • V. Trimble. Astrophysical Applications of Powerful New Atomic Databases
  • W. L. Wiese. 'The New Atomic Databases'. 'Stellar Atmospheres'. 'Stellar Structure'. The Status of Archiving Astronomical Data: Summary
  • R.E.M. Griffin. III. Special Sessions. The Collision of Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter
  • C. de Bergh. Gravitational Lens Monitoring: Summary
  • J.-P. Swings. IV. Working Group Meetings: A. H. Batten. Problems of Astronomy in Africa. International Catalog Projects. Index of Authors.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Preface
  • Part I. Gruber Cosmology Prize Lecture
  • Part II. Invited Discourses
  • Part III. Joint Discussions: 1. Dark matter in early-type galaxies Leon V. E. Koopmans and Tommaso Treu
  • 2. Diffuse light in galaxy clusters Magda Arnaboldi and Ortwin Gerhard
  • 3. Neutron stars - timing in extreme environments Tomaso Belloni, Mariano Mendez and Chengmin Zhang
  • 4. Progress in understanding the physics of Ap and related stars Margarida Cunha
  • 5. Modelling the Milky Way in the age of Gaia Annie C. Robin
  • 6. Time and astronomy Pascale Defraigne
  • 7. Astrophysical outflows and associated accretion phenomena Elisabete M. de Gouveia Dal Pino and Alex C. Raga
  • 8. Hot interstellar matter in elliptical galaxies Dong-Woo Kim and Silvia Pellegrini
  • 9. Are the fundamental constants varying with time? Paolo Molaro and Elisabeth Vangioni
  • 10. 3D views on cool stellar atmospheres - theory meets observation K. N. Nagendra, P. Bonifacio and H. G. Ludwig
  • 11. New advances in helio- and astero-seismology
  • 12. The first galaxies - theoretical predictions and observational clues
  • 13. Eta Carinae in the context of the most massive stars Theodore R. Gull and Augusto Damineli
  • 14. The ISM of galaxies in the far-infrared and sub-millimetre
  • 15. Magnetic fields in diffuse media Elisabete M. de Gouveia Dal Pino and Alex Lazarian
  • 16. IHY global campaign - whole heliosphere interval
  • Part IV. Special Sessions: SpS 1. IR and sub-mm spectroscopy - a new tool for studying stellar evolution Glenn Wahlgren, Hans Kaufl and Florian Kerber
  • SpS 2. The international year of astronomy Pedro Russo, Catherine Cesarsky and Lars Lindberg Christensen
  • SpS 3. Astronomy in Antarctica in 2009 Michael G. Burton
  • SpS 4. Astronomy education between past and future J. P. De Greve
  • SpS 5. Accelerating the rate of astronomical discovery Ray P. Norris
  • SpS 6. Planetary systems as potential sites for life Regis Courtin, Alan Boss and Michel Mayor
  • SpS 7. Young stars, brown dwarfs, and protoplanetary disks Jane Gregorio-Hetem and Silvia Alencar
  • SpS 8. The galactic plane N. A. Walton, A. Damineli, M. G. Hoare, J. E. Drew, Roberto D. D. Costa and Walter J. Maciel
  • SpS 9. Marking the 400th anniversary of Kepler's 'astronomia nova' T. J. Mahoney
  • SpS 10. Next generation large astronomical facilities Gerard F. Gilmore and Richard T. Schilizzi
  • Author index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Preface Karel A. van der Hucht
  • Part I. Invited Discourses: Part II. Joint Discussions: 1. Particle acceleration - from Solar System to AGN Marian Karlicky and John C. Brown
  • 2. Pulsar emission and related phenomena Werner Becker, Janusz A. Gil and Bronislaw Rudak
  • 3. Solar activity regions and magnetic structure Debi Prasad Choudhary and Michal Sobotka
  • 4. The ultraviolet universe: Stars from birth to death Ana I. Gomez de Castro and Martin A. Barstow
  • 5. Calibrating the top of the stellar M-L relationship Claus Leitherer, Anthony F. J. Moat and Joachim Puls
  • 6. Neutron stars and black holes in star clusters Frederic A. Rasio
  • 7. The Universe at z > 6 Daniel Schaerer and Andrea Ferrara
  • 8. Solar and stellar activity cycles Klaus G. Strassmeier and Alexander Kosovichev
  • 9. Supernovae: One millennium after SN 1006 P. Frank Winkler, Wolfgang Hillebrandt and Brian P. Schmidt
  • 10. Progress in planetary exploration missions Guy J. Consolmagno
  • 11. Pre-solar grains as astrophysical tools Anja C. Andersen and John C. Lattanzio
  • 12. Long wavelength astrophysics T. Joseph W. Lazio and Namir E. Kassim
  • 13. Exploiting large surveys for galactic astronomy Christopher J. Corbally, Coryn A. L. Bailer-Jones, Sunetra Giridhar and Thomas H. Lloyd Evans
  • 14. Modeling dense stellar systems Alison I. Sills, Ladislav Subr and Simon F. Portegies Zwart
  • 15. New cosmology results from the Spitzer Space Telescope George Helou and David T. Frayer
  • 16. Nomenclature, precession and new models in fundamental astronomy Nicole Capitaine, Jan Vondrak & James L. Hilton
  • 17. Highlights of recent progress in seismology of the Sun and Sun-like stars John W. Leibacher and Michael J. Thompson
  • Part III. Special Sessions: SpS 1. Large astronomical facilities of the next decade Gerard F. Gilmore and Richard T. Schilizzi
  • SpS 2. Innovation in teaching and learning astronomy methods Rosa M. Ros and Jay M. Pasachoff
  • SpS 3. The Virtual Observatory in action: New science, new technology and next-generation facilities Nicholas A. Walton, Andrew Lawrence & Roy Williams
  • SpS 5. Astronomy for the developing world John B. Hearnshaw and Peter Martinez
  • SpS 6. Astronomical data management Raymond P. Norris
  • SpS 7. Astronomy in Antarctica Michael G. Burton
  • Author index.

「Nielsen BookData」より

この本の情報

書名 Highlights of astronomy
著作者等 Appenzeller, I.
International Astronomical Union
McNally, D.
Swings, J.-P.
West, Richard M.
Andersen Johannes
Appenzeller Immo
Corbett Ian
McNally Derek
Muller E. A.
Swings Jean-Pierre
Wayman Patrick A.
Hucht Karel A. van der
巻冊次 [Vol. 1]
Vol. 2
Vol. 3
Vol. 4. Pt. 1
Vol. 4. Pt. 2
Vol. 5
Vol. 6
Vol. 7
Vol. 8
Vol. 9
Vol. 10
Vol. 11A
Vol. 11B
Vol. 12
Vol. 13
Vol. 14
Vol. 15
Vol. 16
出版元 D. Reidel
刊行年月 1968-
版表示 Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1998
ページ数 v.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 079230280X
0792302818
079231915X
0792335538
0792335546
0792353412
0792353420
0792355555
0792355563
1583810862
1583811893
9027708304
9027708320
9027708495
9027708509
9027711461
902771147X
9027715645
9027715653
9027722781
902772279X
902770452X
9781107005334
9781107078840
9780521896832
NCID BA0080166X
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 オランダ
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