Philosophy of geometry from Riemann to Poincaré  pbk.

Roberto Torretti

[目次]

  • 1 / Background.- 1.0.1 Greek Geometry and Philosophy.- 1.0.2 Geometry in Greek Natural Science.- 1.0.3 Modern Science and the Metaphysical Idea of Space.- 1.0.4 Descartes' Method of Coordinates.- 2 / Non-Euclidean Geometries.- 2.1 Parallels.- 2.1.1 Euclid's Fifth Postulate.- 2.1.2 Greek Commentators.- 2.1.3 Wallis and Saccheri.- 2.1.4 Johann Heinrich Lambert.- 2.1.5 The Discovery of Non-Euclidean Geometry.- 2.1.6 Some Results of Bolyai-Lobachevsky Geometry.- 2.1.7 The Philosophical Outlook of the Founders of Non-Euclidean Geometry.- 2.2 Manifolds.- 2.2.1 Introduction.- 2.2.2 Curves and their Curvature.- 2.2.3 Gaussian Curvature of Surfaces.- 2.2.4 Gauss' Theorema Egregium and the Intrinsic Geometry of Surfaces.- 2.2.5 Riemann's Problem of Space and Geometry.- 2.2.6 The Concept of a Manifold.- 2.2.7 The Tangent Space.- 2.2.8 Riemannian Manifolds, Metrics and Curvature.- 2.2.9 Riemann's Speculations about Physical Space.- 2.2.10 Riemann and Herbart. Grassmann.- 2.3 Projective Geometry and Projective Metrics.- 2.3.1 Introduction.- 2.3.2 Projective Geometry: An Intuitive Approach.- 2.3.3 Projective Geometry: A Numerical Interpretation.- 2.3.4 Projective Transformations.- 2.3.5 Cross-ratio.- 2.3.6 Projective Metrics.- 2.3.7 Models.- 2.3.8 Transformation Groups and Klein's Erlangen Programme.- 2.3.9 Projective Coordinates for Intuitive Space.- 2.3.10 Klein's View of Intuition and the Problem of Space-Forms.- 3 / Foundations.- 3.1 Helmholtz's Problem of Space.- 3.1.1 Helmholtz and Riemann.- 3.1.2 The Facts which Lie at the Foundation of Geometry.- 3.1.3 Helmholtz's Philosophy of Geometry.- 3.1.4 Lie Groups.- 3.1.5 Lie's Solution of Helmholtz's Problem.- 3.1.6 Poincare and Killing on the Foundations of Geometry.- 3.1.7 Hilbert's Group-Theoretical Characterization of the Euclidean Plane.- 3.2 Axiomatics.- 3.2.1 The Beginnings of Modern Geometrical Axiomatics.- 3.2.2 Why are Axiomatic Theories Naturally Abstract?.- 3.2.3 Stewart, Grassmann, Plucker.- 3.2.4 Geometrical Axiomatics before Pasch.- 3.2.5 Moritz Pasch.- 3.2.6 Giuseppe Peano.- 3.2.7 The Italian School. Pieri. Padoa.- 3.2.8 Hilbert's Grundlagen.- 3.2.9 Geometrical Axiomatics after Hilbert.- 3.2.10 Axioms and Definitions. Frege's Criticism of Hilbert.- 4 / Empiricism, Apriorism, Conventionalism.- 4.1 Empiricism in Geometry.- 4.1.1 John Stuart Mill.- 4.1.2 Friedrich Ueberweg.- 4.1.3 Benno Erdmann.- 4.1.4 Auguste Calinon.- 4.1.5 Ernst Mach.- 4.2 The Uproar of Boeotians.- 4.2.1 Hermann Lotze.- 4.2.2 Wilhelm Wundt.- 4.2.3 Charles Renouvier.- 4.2.4 Joseph Delboeuf.- 4.3 Russell's Apriorism of 1897.- 4.3.1 The Transcendental Approach.- 4.3.2 The 'Axioms of Projective Geometry'.- 4.3.3 Metrics and Quantity.- 4.3.4 The Axiom of Distance.- 4.3.5 The Axiom of Free Mobility.- 4.3.6 A Geometrical Experiment.- 4.3.7 Multidimensional Series.- 4.4 Henri Poincare.- 4.4.1 Poincare's Conventionalism.- 4.4.2 Max Black's Interpretation of Poincare's Philosophy of Geometry.- 4.4.3 Poincare's Criticism of Apriorism and Empiricism.- 4.4.4 The Conventionality of Metrics.- 4.4.5 The Genesis of Geometry.- 4.5.6 The Definition of Dimension Number.- 1. Mappings.- 2. Algebraic Structures. Groups.- 3. Topologies.- 4. Differentiable Manifolds.- Notes.- To Chapter 1.- To Chapter 2.- 2.1.- 2.2.- 2.3.- To Chapter 3.- 3.1.- 3.2.- To Chapter 4.- 4.1.- 4.2.- 4.3.- 4.4.- References.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • 1 / Background.- 1.0.1 Greek Geometry and Philosophy.- 1.0.2 Geometry in Greek Natural Science.- 1.0.3 Modern Science and the Metaphysical Idea of Space.- 1.0.4 Descartes' Method of Coordinates.- 2 / Non-Euclidean Geometries.- 2.1 Parallels.- 2.1.1 Euclid's Fifth Postulate.- 2.1.2 Greek Commentators.- 2.1.3 Wallis and Saccheri.- 2.1.4 Johann Heinrich Lambert.- 2.1.5 The Discovery of Non-Euclidean Geometry.- 2.1.6 Some Results of Bolyai-Lobachevsky Geometry.- 2.1.7 The Philosophical Outlook of the Founders of Non-Euclidean Geometry.- 2.2 Manifolds.- 2.2.1 Introduction.- 2.2.2 Curves and their Curvature.- 2.2.3 Gaussian Curvature of Surfaces.- 2.2.4 Gauss' Theorema Egregium and the Intrinsic Geometry of Surfaces.- 2.2.5 Riemann's Problem of Space and Geometry.- 2.2.6 The Concept of a Manifold.- 2.2.7 The Tangent Space.- 2.2.8 Riemannian Manifolds, Metrics and Curvature.- 2.2.9 Riemann's Speculations about Physical Space.- 2.2.10 Riemann and Herbart. Grassmann.- 2.3 Projective Geometry and Projective Metrics.- 2.3.1 Introduction.- 2.3.2 Projective Geometry: An Intuitive Approach.- 2.3.3 Projective Geometry: A Numerical Interpretation.- 2.3.4 Projective Transformations.- 2.3.5 Cross-ratio.- 2.3.6 Projective Metrics.- 2.3.7 Models.- 2.3.8 Transformation Groups and Klein's Erlangen Programme.- 2.3.9 Projective Coordinates for Intuitive Space.- 2.3.10 Klein's View of Intuition and the Problem of Space-Forms.- 3 / Foundations.- 3.1 Helmholtz's Problem of Space.- 3.1.1 Helmholtz and Riemann.- 3.1.2 The Facts which Lie at the Foundation of Geometry.- 3.1.3 Helmholtz's Philosophy of Geometry.- 3.1.4 Lie Groups.- 3.1.5 Lie's Solution of Helmholtz's Problem.- 3.1.6 Poincare and Killing on the Foundations of Geometry.- 3.1.7 Hilbert's Group-Theoretical Characterization of the Euclidean Plane.- 3.2 Axiomatics.- 3.2.1 The Beginnings of Modern Geometrical Axiomatics.- 3.2.2 Why are Axiomatic Theories Naturally Abstract?.- 3.2.3 Stewart, Grassmann, Plucker.- 3.2.4 Geometrical Axiomatics before Pasch.- 3.2.5 Moritz Pasch.- 3.2.6 Giuseppe Peano.- 3.2.7 The Italian School. Pieri. Padoa.- 3.2.8 Hilbert's Grundlagen.- 3.2.9 Geometrical Axiomatics after Hilbert.- 3.2.10 Axioms and Definitions. Frege's Criticism of Hilbert.- 4 / Empiricism, Apriorism, Conventionalism.- 4.1 Empiricism in Geometry.- 4.1.1 John Stuart Mill.- 4.1.2 Friedrich Ueberweg.- 4.1.3 Benno Erdmann.- 4.1.4 Auguste Calinon.- 4.1.5 Ernst Mach.- 4.2 The Uproar of Boeotians.- 4.2.1 Hermann Lotze.- 4.2.2 Wilhelm Wundt.- 4.2.3 Charles Renouvier.- 4.2.4 Joseph Delboeuf.- 4.3 Russell's Apriorism of 1897.- 4.3.1 The Transcendental Approach.- 4.3.2 The 'Axioms of Projective Geometry'.- 4.3.3 Metrics and Quantity.- 4.3.4 The Axiom of Distance.- 4.3.5 The Axiom of Free Mobility.- 4.3.6 A Geometrical Experiment.- 4.3.7 Multidimensional Series.- 4.4 Henri Poincare.- 4.4.1 Poincare's Conventionalism.- 4.4.2 Max Black's Interpretation of Poincare's Philosophy of Geometry.- 4.4.3 Poincare's Criticism of Apriorism and Empiricism.- 4.4.4 The Conventionality of Metrics.- 4.4.5 The Genesis of Geometry.- 4.5.6 The Definition of Dimension Number.- 1. Mappings.- 2. Algebraic Structures. Groups.- 3. Topologies.- 4. Differentiable Manifolds.- Notes.- To Chapter 1.- To Chapter 2.- 2.1.- 2.2.- 2.3.- To Chapter 3.- 3.1.- 3.2.- To Chapter 4.- 4.1.- 4.2.- 4.3.- 4.4.- References.

「Nielsen BookData」より

この本の情報

書名 Philosophy of geometry from Riemann to Poincaré
著作者等 Torretti, Roberto
シリーズ名 Episteme
巻冊次 pbk.
出版元 D. Reidel Pub. Co.
刊行年月 c1978
版表示 Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1984
ページ数 xiii, 459 p.
大きさ 23 cm
ISBN 9027718377
9027709203
NCID BA0055463X
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 オランダ
この本を: 
このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加

このページを印刷

外部サイトで検索

この本と繋がる本を検索

ウィキペディアから連想