Prejudice in discourse : an analysis of ethnic prejudice in cognition and conversation

Teun A. van Dijk

In this book, a study is made of ethnic prejudice in cognition and conversation, based on intensive interviewing of white majority group members. After an introductory survey of traditional and more recent approaches in social psychology to the study of prejudice, a new 'sociocognitive' theory is sketched. This theory explains how cognitive representations and strategies of ethnic prejudice depend on their social functions within intergroup relations. It is also shown how ethnic prejudice is communicated in society through everyday talk among majority members. The major part of the book systematically analyzes the various dimensions of prejudiced conversations, such as topical structures, storytelling, argumentation, local semantic strategies, style and rhetoric, and more specific conversational properties. It is shown that such an explicit discourse analysis may reveal underlying cognitive representations and strategic uses of prejudice. Moreover, it appeared that many aspects of prejudiced talk are geared towards the overall strategic goals of adequate self-expression and positive self-presentation. This book is interdisciplinary in nature and should be of interest to linguists, discourse analysts, cognitive and social psychologists, sociologists, and all those interested in ethnic stereotypes, prejudice, and racism.

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[目次]

  • 1. Preface, pix
  • 2. 1. Introduction, p1
  • 3. 1.1. Aims of this study, p1
  • 4. 1.2. Theoretical framework, p2
  • 5. 1.3. Methods of research, p4
  • 6. 1.4. Respondents, p6
  • 7. 1.5. Minority groups, p5
  • 8. 1.6. Prejudice in other types of discourse, p8
  • 9. 1.7. Talk about minorities: An example, p10
  • 10. 2. Ethnic Prejudice, p13
  • 11. 2.1. Classical approaches, p13
  • 12. 2.2. Current research, p16
  • 13. 2.3. Toward an integrated framework for the study of ethnic prejudice, p22
  • 14. 3. The Contexts of Prejudiced Discourse, p43
  • 15. 3.1. Text and context, p43
  • 16. 3.2. Production strategies for prejudiced talk, p44
  • 17. 3.3. Social strategies and functions of prejudiced talk, p48
  • 18. 4. Topics of Discourse, p55
  • 19. 4.1. Dimensions of discourse analysis, p55
  • 20. 4.2. Topics of discourse: A theoretical account, p55
  • 21. 4.3. Building topics: An example, p57
  • 22. 4.4. Topic sequences, p61
  • 23. 4.5. Topic change, p64
  • 24. 4.6. Contents, p66
  • 25. 4.7. Prejudiced topics, p69
  • 26. 4.8. An experimental test, p71
  • 27. 4.9. Stereotypes about stereotypes: topoi, p73
  • 28. 4.10. Some survey data about ethnic attitudes, p74
  • 29. 4.11. Racist discourse: How do majorities talk to minorities?, p76
  • 30. 5. Stories About Minorities, p79
  • 31. 5.1. Stories, storytelling, and minorities, p79
  • 32. 5.2. Narrative structures, p81
  • 33. 5.3. Schemata of stories about minorities, p84
  • 34. 5.4. Story topics, p101
  • 35. 6. Argumentation, p105
  • 36. 6.1. Conversational argumentation, p105
  • 37. 6.2. Arguments about ethnic opinions, p107
  • 38. 7. Semantic Strategies, p115
  • 39. 7.1. The notion of 'strategy', p115
  • 40. 7.2. Semantic strategies in talk about ethnic minorities, p116
  • 41. 7.3. Some cognitive implications, p128
  • 42. 8. Style and Rhetoric, p133
  • 43. 8.1. Strategies of adequate and effective formulation, p133
  • 44. 8.2. Some stylistic properties of talk about minorities, p134
  • 45. 8.3. The expression of prejudice, p136
  • 46. 8.4. Rhetorical operations, p139
  • 47. 9. Pragmatic and Conversational Strategies, p143
  • 48. 9.1. Speech acts and the structures of opinion interviewing, p143
  • 49. 9.2. Dialogical structures and strategies, p147
  • 50. 10. Conclusions, p153
  • 51. References, p159

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この本の情報

書名 Prejudice in discourse : an analysis of ethnic prejudice in cognition and conversation
著作者等 Dijk, Teun Adrianus van
Dijk Teun A. van
シリーズ名 Pragmatics & beyond : an interdisciplinary series of language studies
出版元 J. Benjamins
刊行年月 1984
ページ数 x, 170 p.
大きさ 22 cm
ISBN 9027225362
0915027437
NCID BA00407748
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 オランダ
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