Writings of Charles S. Peirce : a chronological edition
v. 1. 1857-1866 ～ v. 8. 1890-1892

Max H. Fisch, general editor ; Christian J.W. Kloesel, associate editor ... [et al.]

"For anyone seriously interested in Peirce, or in nineteenth-century American philosophy, or in American intellectual history, or in philosophy in general, or in semiotics and its philosophical import, these volumes should be required reading." Murray G. Murphey, Semiotica"

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"Highly recommended." Choice..". an important event for the world of philosophy. For the first time we have available in an intelligible form the writings of one of the greatest philosophers of the past hundred years." The Times Literary SupplementVolume 5 of this landmark edition covers an important transition in Peirce's life, marked by a rekindled enthusiasm for speculative philosophy. The writings include essays relating to his all-embracing theory of categories as well as papers on logic and mathematics."

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"The volumes are handsomely produced and carefully edited, ... For the first time we have available in an intelligible form the writings of one of the greatest philosophers of the past hundred years... " The Times Literary Supplement..". an extremely handsome and impressive book; it is an equally impressive piece of scholarship and editing." Man and World"

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The PEIRCE EDITION contains large sections of previously unpublished material in addition to selected published works. Each volume includes a brief historical and biographical introduction, extensive editorial and textual notes, and a full chronological list of all of Peirce s writings, published and unpublished, during the period covered."

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Unique in American intellectual history, Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) made important contributions to symbolic logic, of which he was one of the founders, and to the logic of science, as well as to mathematics, psychology, philosophy, astronomy, and other scientific fields. Volume 6 of this landmark edition contains 66 writings mainly from the unsettled period in Peirce's life just after he moved from New York to Milford, Pennsylvania, followed shortly afterward by the death of his mother. It begins with interesting remnants of Peirce's correspondence course in logic, by which he hoped in vain to make a living. Other notable selections include the much heralded "A Guess at the Riddle", Peirce's never-finished yet substantial attempt to draw his wide-ranging philosophical theories into a unified system of thought; his dispute with Edmund Gurney over Gurney's Phantasms of the Living; his attack, under the pseudonym 'Outsider', on Spencer's mechanical philosophy; and, lengthy excerpts from the report on gravity that led to his forced resignation from the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey.
These and other writings in this volume reveal Peirce's powerful mind probing into diverse issues, looking for an underlying unity but, perhaps, also looking for direction.

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Volume 8 of this landmark edition follows Peirce from May 1890 through July 1892 - a period of turmoil as his career unravelled at the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. The loss of his principal source of income meant the beginning of permanent penury and a lifelong struggle to find gainful employment. His key achievement during these years is his celebrated Monist metaphysical project, which consists of five classic articles on evolutionary cosmology. Also included are reviews and essays from "The Nation" in which Peirce critiques Paul Carus, William James, Comte Lombroso, and Karl Pearson, and takes part in a famous dispute between Frank E. Abbot and Josiah Royce. Peirce's short philosophical essays, studies in non-Euclidean geometry and number theory, and his only known experiment in prose fiction complete his production during these years.

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The PEIRCE EDITION contains large sections of previously unpublished material in addition to selected published works. Each volume includes a brief historical and biographical introduction, extensive editorial and textual notes, and a full chronological list of all of Peirce s writings, published and unpublished, during the period covered."

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[目次]

Illustrations

Preface

Chronology

Bibliographic Abbreviations in Editorial Matter Introduction

1. Familiar Letters about the Art of Reasoning

2. Ribot's Psychology of Attention

3. Six Lectures of Hints toward a Theory of the Universe

4. Sketch of a New Philosophy

5. [On Framing Philosophical Theories]

6. The Non-Euclidean Geometry Made Easy

7. Review of Jevons's Pure Logic

8. Review of Carus's Fundamental Problems

9. Review of Muir's The Theory of Determinants

10. Review of Fraser's Locke

11. [Notes on the First Issue of the Monist]

12. My Life

13. Note on Pythagorean Triangles

14. Hints toward the Invention of a Scale-Table

15. Logical Studies of the Theory of Numbers

16. Promptuarium of Analytical Geometry

17. Boolian Algebra

18. Boolian Alegebra. First Lection

19. Notes on the Question on the Existence of an External World

20. [Note on Kant's Refutation of Idealism]

21. [Notes on Consciousness]

The Monist Metaphysical Project

22. The Architecture of Theories [Initial Version]

23. The Architecture of Theories

24. The Doctrine of Necessity Examined

25. The Law of Mind [Early Try]

26. The Law of Mind [Excursus on the Idea of Time]

27. The Law of Mind

28. [Notes for "Man's Glassy Essence"]

29. Man's Glassy Essence

30. Evolutionary Love

Studies on the Algebra of the Copula

31. [Deductions from a Definition of the Copula]

32. Algebra of the Copula [Version 1]

33. Algebra of the Copula [Version 2]

34. Examination of the Copula of Inclusion

35. On the Number of Dichotomous Divisions: A Problem in Permutations

36. Methods of Investigating the Constant of Space

37. James's Psychology

38. [Morality and Church Creed]

39. Review of Spencer's Essays

40. Abbot against Royce

41. Review of Chambers's Pictorial Astronomy

42. [Lesson in Necessary Reasoning]

43. The Great Men of History

44. The Comtist Calendar

45. The Non-Euclidean Geometry

46. The Sciences in Their Order of Generality

47. The Man of Genius

48. The Periodic Law

49. Keppler

50. [Plan for a Scientific Dictionary]

51. Embroidered Thessaly

52. [Why Do We Punish Criminals?]

53. Review of Buckley's Moral Teachings of Science

54. Review of Ridgeway's The Origin of Metallic Currency

55. Review of Pearson's The Grammar of Science

56. Review of Curry's The Province of Expression Editorial Symbols

Preface Acknowledgments Chronology Introduction 1. Determinations of Gravity at Allegheny, Ebensburgh, and York, Pa., in 1879 and 1880 [Study of Great Men] 2. Materials for an Impressionist List of 300 Great Men 3. My list of great Men 4. [Men of Feeling, Action, Thought] 5. [Notes on Archimedes, Abel, Lagrange, and Gauss] 6. [Notes on Leonidas] 7. [Notes on Mencius] 8. [Notes on Michelangelo] 9. [Notes on Ockham and Machiavelli] 10. [Notes on Pythagoras] 11. [Notes on Rabelais] 12. Questions on Great Men [First Questionnaire] 13. Questions on Great Men [Revised Questionnaire] 14. [Remarks on Questions from the Final Questionnaire] 15. [Questionnaire Responses for Michelangelo, Hobbes, and Locke] 16. [Questionnaire Responses for Montaigne, Palissy, Machiavelli, and Lessing] 17. [Questionnaire Responses for Short List of 48 Great Men] 18. [Questionnaire Responses for Short List of 24 Great Men] 19. [Great Men: Classifications and Rankings] 20. On the Algebra of Logic: Part II 21. [Fragment on the Algebra of Logic] 22. On the Algebra of Logic (Second Paper) 23. Letter, Peirce to J.E. Hilgard 24. On Small Differences of Sensation, by C.S. Peirce and J. Jastrow 25. The Numerical Measure of the Success of Predictions 26. The OOld Stone MillO at Newport 27. The Reciprocity Treaty with Spain 28. The Spanish Treaty Once More 29. [Testimony on the Organization of the Coast Survey] 30. On the Algebra of Logic: A Contribution to the Philosophy of Notation 31. Notes on the Algebra of Logic 32. Studies in Logical Algebra 33. An American Plato: Review of RoyceOs Religious Aspect of Philosophy 34. [Notes on the Categories] 35. One, Two, Three: Fundamental Categories of Thought and of Nature 36. [Measurement Scales and the Absolute] 37. Types of Third Degenerate in the Second Degree 38. [CliffordOs The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences] 39. [PerrinOs The Religion of Philosophy] 40. [KantOs Introduction to Logic] 41. [FiskeOs The Idea of God] 42. On the Use of the Noddy for Measuring the Amplitude of Swaying in a Pendulum Support 43. Note on the Effect of the Flexure of a Pendulum upon its Period of Oscillation 44. Two Letters, Peirce to F.E. Abbot 45. Fundamental Properties of Number 46. Dr. F.E. AbbotOs Philosophy [One, Two, Three] 47. One, Two, Three: Kantian Categories 48. One, Two, Three 49. One, Two, Three: An Evolutionist Speculation 50. [First, Second, Third] 51. Note on a Device for Abbreviating Time Reductions 52. On the Influence of a Noddy on the Period of a Pendulum 53. On the Effect of Unequal Temperature upon a Reversible Pendulum 54. Qualitative Logic 55. The Logic of Relatives: qualitative and quantitative 56. An Elementary Account of the Logic of Relatives 57. [Words in E for the Century Dictionary] 58. Letter, Peirce to A. Marquand Notes Bibliography of PeirceOs References Chronological List, 1884-1886 Essay on Editorial Method Symbols Textual Apparatus Headnotes, Textual Notes, Emendations, Line-End Hyphenation, Alterations Line-End Hyphenation in the Edition Text Index

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[目次]

Preface Acknowledgments Chronology Introduction 1. ReadOs Theory of Logic 2. Spectroscopic Studies 3. [Lecture on Logic and Philosophy] 4. Note on the Progress of Experiments for comparing a Wave-length with a Metre 5. On a method of swinging Pendulums for the determination of Gravity, proposed by M. Faye 6. On the Algebraic Principles of Formal Logic 7. Logic, Chapter I. Of Thinking as Cerebration 8. Logic. Chapter I. Thinking as Cerebration 9. RoodOs Chromatics 10. On the Ghosts in RutherfordOs Diffraction-Spectra 11. A Quincuncial Projection of the Sphere 12. Note on the Theory of the Economy of Research 13. Measurements of Gravity at Initial Stations in America and Europe 14. A large number of repetitions of similar trials 15. On the Value of Gravity at Paris 16. [On the State of Science in America] 17. Letter, Peirce to Herve Faye 18. On the Colours of Double Stars 19. On the Algebra of Logic 20. Chapter IV. The Logic of Plural Relatives 21. Results of Pendulum Experiments 22. [The Logic Notebook] 23. [A Boolian Algebra with One Constant] 24. The Axioms of Number 25. [On Associative Algebras] 26. Notes on Associative Multiple Algebra 27. [Unequivocal Division of Finites] 28. [JevonOs Studies in Deductive Logic] 29. Width of Mr. RutherfordOs Rulings 30. Logic

and the Methods of Science 31. Methods of Reasoning 32. Note on the Mouse-Trap Problem 33. Note on 0 Degree. 34. [On Propositions and Syllogisms of Differing Order] 35. Note on the Boolian Algebra 36. Proof of the Fundamental Proposition of Arithmetic 37. Comparison of the Metre with a Wave-Length of Light 38. On the Logic of Number [Notes and Addenda to Linear Associative Algebra] 39. [Note on the Algebra g4] 40. [Note on the Class of Algebras 242 3] 41. On the Relative Forms of the Algebras 42. On the Algebras in which Division is Unambiguous 43. Brief Description of the Algebra of Relatives 44. On the Relative Forms of Quaternions 45. [On the Logic of Relatives] 46. [On Relative Terms] 47. Remarks on [B.I. GilmanOs OOn Propositions and the SyllogismO] Report of a Conference on Gravity Determinations, Held at Washington, D.C., in May, 1882 [Edited by Charles S. Peirce] 48. [Introduction] 49. Letter from Professor Hilgard to Major Herschel 50. Reply of Major Herschel 51. Six Reasons for the Prosecution of Pendulum Experiments 52. Notes on Determinations of Gravity, by C.A. Schott 53. General Remarks upon Gravity Determinations, by John Herschel 54. Opinions concerning the Conduct of Gravity Work 55. Resolutions 56. Introductory Lecture on the Study of Logic 57. On a Class of Multiple Algebras 58. On Irregularities in the Amplitude of Oscillation of Pendulums 59. [On Junctures and Fractures in Logic] 60. Letter, Peirce to O.H. Mitchell 61. [Beginnings of a Logic Book] 62. [On Propositions] Studies in Logic 63. Preface 64. A Theory of Probable Inference 65. Note A: On A Limited Universe of Marks 66. Note B: The Logic of Relatives 67. A Communication from Mr. Peirce 68. A Problem relating to the Construction of a reversible pendulum 69. [Syllabus of Sixty Lectures on Logic] 70. [Lecture on Propositions] 71. [Lecture on Types of Propositions] 72. [From a Lecture on the Logic of Relatives] 73. [Introductory Lecture on Logic] 74. A New Rule for Division in Arithmetic 75. On the flexure of Pendulum Supports 76. On the Deduction of the Ellipticity of the Earth from Pendulum Experiments 77. On a Method of Observing the Coincidence of Vibration of Two Pendulums 78. Additional Note on the Method of Coincidences 79. [Design and Chance] 80. [On the Teaching of Mathematics] Notes Bibliography of PeirceOs References Chronological List, 1879-1884 Essay on Editorial Method Symbols Textual Apparatus Headnotes, Textual Notes, Emendations, Line-End Hyphenation, Rejected Substantive Variants Line-End Hyphenation in the Edition Text Index

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[目次]

Preface Acknowledgments Chronology Introduction 1. Educational Text-Books, II 2. [Lecture on Practical Logic] 3. Third Lecture [Toward a Logic Book, 1872-73] 4. [Logic, Truth, and the Settlement of Opinion] 5. [Investigation and the Settlement of Opinion] 6. Chapter 1 7. Chapter 1 (Enlarged abstract) 8. Chapter 1 (Enlarge abstract) 9. Chapter 1. Of the Difference between Doubt and Belief 10. Chapter 2. Of Inquiry 11. Chapter 3. Four Methods of Settling Opinion 12. [On Reality] 13. Chapt. 4 (2nd draft) 14. Chap. 4 (-----draft) 15. On Reality 16. On Reality 17. Chap. 4. Of Reality 18. Of Reality 19. Chapter IV. Of Reality 20. Chapter IV. Of Reality 21. Chapter -----. The List of Categories 22. On Representations 23. On Representations 24. On the nature of signs 25. [On Time and Thought] 26. [On Time and Thought] 27. Chap. 5th 28. Chap. 6th 29. Memorandum: Probable Subjects to be treated of 30. Chap. 7. Of Logic as a Study of Signs 31. Chap. 9th 32. Chap. VIII. Of the Copula 33. Chap. IX. Of relative terms 34. Chap. X. The Copula and Simple Syllogism 35. Chap. XI. On Logical Breadth and Depth 36. Chapter IV. The Conception of Time essential in Logic 37. Chapter IV. The Conception of Time essential in Logic 38. Chapter V. That the significance of thought lies in its reference to the future 39. Notes on Logic Book 40. Letter, Peirce to Abraham B. Conger 41. [On Errors of Observation] 42. On the Theory of Errors of Observations 43. Linear Associative Algebra: Improvement in the Classification of Vids 44. LazelleOs One Law in Nature 45. Rainfall 46. [On Political Economy] 47. On the Application of Logical Analysis to Multiple Algebra 48. [Early Abstract of Photometric Researches] 49. Notes on the Fundamentals of Algebra 50. The Axioms of Geometry 51. Logical Contraposition and Conversion 52. Addition to the note for Mind 53. Sketch of the Theory of Non-Associative Multiplication 54. The Principles of Mechanics 55. Nicholas St. John Green 56. Note on the Sensation of Color 57. On the Influence of the Flexibility of the Support on the Oscillation of a Pendulum 58. On a New Class of Observations, suggested by the principles of Logic 59. Note on GrassmannOs Calculus of Extension Illustrations of the Logic of Science 60. The Fixation of Belief 61. How to Make Our Ideas Clear 62. The Doctrine of Chances 63. The Probability of Induction 64. The Order of Nature 65. Deduction, Induction, and Hypothesis 66. Comment se fixe la croyance 67. Comment Rendre nos idees claires 68. [FerreroOs Esposizione del metodo dei minimu quadrati] 69. Photometric Researches Editorial Notes Bibliography of PeirceOs References Chronological List, 1872-1878 Textual Apparatus Essay on Editorial Method Explanation of Symbols Textual Notes Emendations Historical Collation List of Variants Word Division Index

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[目次]

Preface Acknowledgments Introduction The Decisive Year and Its Early Consequences/Max H. Fisch The Journal of Speculative Philosophy Papers/C.F. Delaney The 1870 Logic of Relatives Memoir/Daniel D. Merrill 1. [The Logic Notebook] [The American Academy Series] 2. On an Improvement in BooleOs Calculus of Logic 3. On the Natural Classification of Arguments 4. On a New List of Categories 5. Upon the Logic of Mathematics 6. Upon Logical Comprehension and Extension 7. Notes 8. [VennOs The Logic of Chance] 9. Chapter I. One, Two, and Three 10. Specimen of a Dictionary of the Terms of Logic and allied Sciences: A to ABS 11. [Critique of Positivism] [The Peirce-Harris Exchange on Hegel] 12. Paul Janet and Hegel, by W.T. Harris 13. Letter, Peirce to W.T. Harris (24 January 1868) 14. Nominalism versus Realism 15. Letter, Peirce to W.T. Harris (16 March 1868) 16. What Is Meant by ODeterminedO 17. Letter, Peirce to W.T. Harris (9 April 1868) [The Journal of Speculative Philosophy Series] 18. Questions on Reality 19. Potentia ex Impotentia 20. Letter, Peirce to W.T. Harris (30 November 1868) 21. Questions Concerning Certain Faculties Claimed for Man 22. Some Consequences of Four Incapacities 23. Grounds of Validity of the Laws of Logic 24. Professor PorterOs Human Intellect 25. The Pairing of the Elements 26. RoscoeOs Spectrum Analysis 27. [The Solar Eclipse of 7 August 1869] 28. Premliminary Sketch of Logic 29. [The Logic Notebook] 30. The English Doctrine of Ideas [Lectures on British Logicians] 31. Lecture I. Early nominalism and realism 32. Ockam. Lecture 3 33. Whewell [Practical Logic] 34. Lessons in Practical Logic 35. A Practical Treatise on Logic and Methodology 36. Rules for Investigation 37. Practical Logic 38. Chapter 2 39. Description of a Notation for the Logic of Relatives 40. A System of Logic 41. [Henry JamesOs The Secret of Swedenborg] 42. Notes for Lectures on Logic to be given 1st term 1870-71 43. BainOs Logic 44. Letter, Peirce to W.S. Jevons 45. [Augustus De Morgan] 46. Of the Copulas of Algebra 47. [Charles Babbage] [The Berkeley Review] 48. [FraserOs The Works of George Berkeley] 49. [PeirceOs Berkeley Review], by Chauncey Wright 50. Mr. Peirce and the Realists Appendix 51. Letter, J.E. Oliver to Peirce Editorial Notes Bibliography of PeirceOs References Chronological List, 1867-1871 Textual Apparatus Essay on Editorial Method Explanation of Symbols Textual Notes Emendations Word-Division Index

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[目次]

Selections from "The Art of Reasoning" - a correspondence course in logic (1887)

on science and immortality (1887)

pendulum observations - report on Greely Expedition (1887)

logical machines (1887)

the Peirce-Gurney dispute over "Phantasms of the Living"

a guess at the riddle

trichotomic (1888)

reflections on the logic of science

report on gravity at the Smithsonian, Ann Arbor, Madison, and Cornell (1889)

logic of number c. 1889)

the formal classification of relations (c. 1889)

sketch of a new philosophy (1890)

Herbert Spencer's philosophy - is it unscientific and unsound? (1890)

outside wants more light (1890)

logic and spiritualism (1890)

six lectures of hints toward a theory of the universe (1890)

notes on the question of the existence of an external world (c. 1890).

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[目次]

Preface Acknowledgments Introduction 1. My Life written for the Class-Book 2. Private Thoughts principally on the conduct of life 3. The Sense of Beauty never furthered the Performance of a single Act of Duty 4. Raphael and Michael Angelo compared as men 5. A Scientific Book of Synonyms 6. Think Again! 7. Analysis of Genius 8. The Axioms of Intuition. After Kant [Three Essays on Infinity and God] 9. An essay on the Limits of Religious thought written to prove that we can reason upon the nature of God 10. [The Conception of Infinity] 11. Why we can Reason on the Infinite 12. Proof of the Infinite Nature of the Creator 13. I, IT, and THOU: A Book giving Instruction in some of the Elements of Thought 14. The Modus of the IT 15. View of Chemistry: sketched for Young Ladies 16. [A Treatise on Metaphysics] 17. Analysis of Creation 18. SPQR 19. The Chemical Theory of Interpenetration 20. [The Place of Our Age in the History of Civilization] 21. Letter Draft, Peirce to Pliny Earle Chase 22. [Shakespearian Pronunciation] 23. Analysis of the Ego 24. A Treatise of the Major Premisses of Natural Science 25. On the Doctrine of Immediate Perception 26. Letter, Peirce to Francis E. Abbot On the Logic of Science [Harvard Lectures of 1865] 27. Lecture I 28. Lecture II 29. Lecture III 30. Lecture on the Theories of Whewell, Mill, and Compte 31. Lecture VI: BooleOs Calculus of Logic 32. Lecture on Kant 33. Lecture VIII: Forms of Induction and Hypothesis 34. Lecture X: Grounds of Induction 35. Lecture XI 36. Teleological Logic 37. An Unpsychological View of Logic to which are appended some applications of the theory to Psychology and other subjects 38. Logic of the Sciences 39. [The Logic Notebook] 40. Logic Chapter I The Logic of Science

Or, Induction of Hypothesis [Lowell Lectures of 1866] 41. Lecture I 42. Lecture II 43. Lecture III 44. Lecture IV 45. Lecture V 46. [Lecture VI] 47. Lecture VII 48. Lecture IX 49. Lecture X 50. Lecture XI 51. Memoranda Concerning the Aristotelean Syllogism 52. [On a Method of Searching for the Categories] Appendix 53. [Diagram of the IT] Editorial Notes Bibliography of PeirceOs References Chronological List, 1849-1866 Essay on Editorial Method Explanation of Symbols Textual Notes Emendations Word-Division Index

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書名

Writings of Charles S. Peirce : a chronological edition