Multicomponent Interfacial Transport : described by the square gradient model during evaporation and condensation

Kirill Glavatskiy

A thermodynamically consistent description of the transport across interfaces in mixtures has for a long time been an open issue. This research clarifies that the interface between a liquid and a vapor in a mixture is in local equilibrium during evaporation and condensation. It implies that the thermodynamics developed for interfaces by Gibbs can be applied also away from equilibrium, which is typically the case in reality. A description of phase transitions is of great importance for the understanding of both natural and industrial processes. For example, it is relevant for the understanding of the increase of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere, or improvements of efficiency in distillation columns. This excellent work of luminescent scientific novelty has brought this area a significant step forward. The systematic documentation of the approach will facilitate further applications of the theoretical framework to important problems.

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[目次]

  • Introduction.- Equilibrium square gradient model.- Non-equilibrium continuous description.- Numerical solution for the binary mixture.- Local equilibrium of the Gibbs surface for the two-phase.- Binary mixture.- From continuous to discontinuous description.- Surface transfer coefficients for the binary mixture.- Integral relations for the surface transfer coefficients.- Conclusions and perspectives.

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この本の情報

書名 Multicomponent Interfacial Transport : described by the square gradient model during evaporation and condensation
著作者等 Glavatskiy Kirill
シリーズ名 Springer theses : recognizing outstanding Ph. D. research
出版元 Springer
刊行年月 2011
ページ数 xviii, 171 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 9783642266973
NCID BB21422907
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言語 英語
出版国 ドイツ
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