Photonic Structures Inspired by Nature

By (author) Kolle, Mathias

Unlike most natural colours that are based on pigment absorption, the striking iridescent and intense colouration of many butterflies, birds or beetles stems from the interaction of light with periodic sub-micrometer surface or volume patterns, so called "photonic structures". These "structural colours" are increasingly well understood, but they are difficult to create artificially and exploit technologically. In this thesis the field of natural structural colours and biomimetic photonic structures is covered in a wide scope, ranging from plant photonics to theoretical optics. It demonstrates diffractive elements on the petal surfaces of many flowering plant species; these form the basis for the study of the role of structural colours in pollinator attraction. Self-assembly techniques, combined with scale able nanofabrication methods, were used to create complex artificial photonic structures inspired by those found in nature. In particular, the colour effect of a Papilio butterfly was mimicked and, by variation of its design motive, enhanced. All photonic effects described here are underpinned by state-of-the-art model calculations.

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  • 1. Theoretical Aspects of Photonic Structures 2. Structure Colours in Nature 3. Materials and Techniques 4. Static and Tuneable One-Dimensional Photonic Structures 5. Microfabrication of Photonic Structures with Higher Dimensionality 6. Mimicry of Papilio blumei's Colourful Wing Scale Structure 7. Conclusions and Future Work 8. Acknowledgements 9. Related Publication

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書名 Photonic Structures Inspired by Nature
著作者等 Kolle, Mathias
シリーズ名 Springer Theses
出版元 Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG
刊行年月 2013.02.24
ページ数 197p
大きさ H235 x W155
ISBN 9783642266614
言語 英語
出版国 ドイツ