Tsunami : From Fundamentals to Damage Mitigation

Edited by Mambretti, S.

A tsunami is a series of water waves caused by the sudden displacement of a large volume of a body of water, typically an ocean. Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and other underwater explosions (including detonations of underwater nuclear devices), landslides, glacier calving, meteorite impacts and other disturbances above or below water all have the potential to generate a tsunami. These waves are very different from normal sea waves, because their wavelength is far longer. Large events can generate wave heights of tens of metres and therefore, although the main impact of tsunamis is to coastal areas, their potential destructive power is enormous and they can affect entire ocean basins; the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was among the deadliest natural disasters in human history with over 230,000 people killed in 14 countries bordering the Indian Ocean. Tsunami: from fundamentals to mitigation comprises seven chapters, dealing with the different aspects of the field. The first chapter deals with the different types of tsunami and their historical data. Chapter 2 describes an inverse type solution to find a posteriori of the tsunami waveform. One of the main problems with tsunamis, described in Chapter 3, is how to assess the flooding they produce. Chapter 4 deals with the very important topic of Early Warning Systems. Chapter 5 not only studies the behaviour of RC buildings under the 2011 Japanese Tsunami but puts forward a series of recommendations. One of the most damaging aspects of Tsunamis is the damage to infrastructure and building systems. Chapter 6 discusses this along with providing guideline measures to take in the future. Finally Chapter 7 studies the important problem of health and related issues due to tsunami disasters.

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  • Contents Chapter 1 Tsunami: from the open sea to the coastal zone and beyond Premise
  • Genesis of a tsunami
  • Evidence of the impacts of tsunami
  • Offshore evidence
  • Evidence on the coastal plain
  • Evidence on the beach dune system
  • Evidence on rocky coasts
  • Field evidence and risk assessment
  • Acknowledgments
  • References Chapter 2 An inverse algorithm for reconstructing an initial Tsunami waveform Introduction
  • Statement of the problem
  • Inverse method
  • r-solution
  • Discretization of the problem
  • Numerical experiments: description and discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References Chapter 3 Tsunami maximum flooding assessment in GIS environment Introduction
  • Coastal geomorphology
  • Materials and methods
  • Tsunami height and manning number
  • The flooding area assessment
  • Discussion and conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References Chapter 4 Tsunami early warning coordination centres Introduction
  • A systemic disaster management system model
  • The basic structural organization of the model
  • System 2: early warning coordination centre
  • Modelling EWCC for the case of an Indian Ocean Country
  • Conclusions and future work
  • Acknowledgements
  • Annexure A
  • References Chapter 5 RC buildings performance under the 2011 great East Japan Tsunami Introduction
  • Characteristics of the earthquake and tsunami
  • Tsunami source
  • Damages due to tsunami
  • Selected area
  • Damages on buildings
  • Damages on wooden houses
  • Damages on steel structures
  • Damages on RC structures
  • Conclusions
  • References Chapter 6 Infrastructure maintenance and disaster prevention measures on Islands: example of the Izu Islands near Tokyo Introduction
  • Outlines of Izu Islands
  • Population, aging, and industrial structures of Izu Islands
  • Land uses, infrastructures, and tourism of Izu Islands
  • Living standards and environmental hygiene in Izu Islands
  • Disaster prevention measures
  • Conclusions
  • References Chapter 7 Health-related impacts of Tsunami disasters Background nature of tsunamis
  • Definition
  • Causes of tsunamis
  • The physics of tsunami phenomenon
  • Scope and relative importance of tsunamis
  • Factors that contribute to the tsunami problem
  • Factors affecting tsunami occurrence and severity
  • Public health impact: historical perspective
  • Factors influencing mortality and morbidity
  • Mortality trends
  • Tsunami-associated illness and injury
  • Infectious diseases
  • Worsening of chronic diseases
  • Psychosocial consequences
  • Conclusion
  • Disclaimer
  • References

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書名 Tsunami : From Fundamentals to Damage Mitigation
著作者等 Mambretti, S.
書名別名 From Fundamentals to Damage Mitigation
シリーズ名 Safety & Security Engineering
出版元 WIT Press
刊行年月 2013.05.23
ISBN 9781845647711
ISSN 20477694
言語 英語
出版国 イギリス