Flood Early Warning Systems : Knowledge and Tools for Their Critical Assessment

By (author) Molinari, D.; By (author) Menoni, S.; By (author) Ballio, F.

The research this book is grounded on started with the ambitious intent to understand why FEWSs may fail. However, from the beginning, the objective turned out to be challenging; first, because, so far, there is not a shared opinion on what an EWS is (among both communities of researchers and practitioners); second, as a consequence, because it is equally not clear when an EWS can be considered successful or not. The direct effect of this unclear context was that the research needed primary to face some "open questions" instead of going straight to the point under investigation. Specifically, the identification of what the subject of the analysis is, of which its components and functions are and of which its peculiarities (weak points) are, was primary required. Then, a first attempt to evaluate EWSs performance was possible. This book is organised according to the conceptual steps required by the research. In Chapter 1 preliminary "open questions" about the definition and the role of FEWSs are handled (the aim being the identification of how to evaluate EWSs effectiveness/performance). Chapters 2 to 4 focus on the real aim of the research, providing concepts and practical tools to assess FEWSs performance. Each chapter ends with a common case study describing how above evaluations can be carried out in practice. The focus of this book is flood risk, specifically, in mountain regions. However, most of results can be exported to other hazards as well.

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[目次]

  • Contents Introduction: The idea and the structure of the book Flood mitigation tools and FEWSs
  • The objective and the structure of the book
  • Bibliography 1 Basics of early warning 7 The decision-making process during a flood warning
  • Warning and response: Can the decision-making be futile?
  • The decision-making problem: a possible framework
  • The role of uncertainty
  • The role of responsibility
  • The role of risk
  • The "Total Warning System"
  • The monitoring and forecasting sub-system
  • The risk information sub-system
  • The preparedness sub-system
  • The communication sub-system
  • A flood warning review
  • The political and legislative perspective
  • FEWSs implementation in North America and Europe
  • FEWSs LoD
  • Research needs and potential
  • The current state of EWSs for seismic, tsunami, landslides and volcanic risk
  • Seismic risk
  • Tsunami risk
  • Landslides risk
  • Volcanic risk
  • The challenges of flood early warning
  • Lessons learnt
  • Seismic risk
  • Tsunami risk
  • Landslide risk
  • Volcanic risk
  • Conclusions
  • Bibliography
  • Suggested lectures
  • An analysis of four Italian FEWSs
  • The FEWS for the Piemonte region
  • The FEWS for the town of Crotone
  • The FEWS for the Arno river basin
  • The FEWS for the Adige river basin
  • Bibliography 2 The role of forecasts Theory: from forecasts accuracy to forecasts quality and value
  • Flood forecasts quality assessment: a proposed methodology
  • Implementing the methodology: the case of Sondrio
  • The flood early warning system
  • The back analysis
  • The accuracy assessment
  • The quality assessment
  • The value assessment
  • Results: critical analysis and generalisation
  • The need of including damages
  • The need of including time
  • Conclusions
  • Bibliography 3 Damage assessment Damages, impacts, losses and costs
  • The evaluation of flood losses: available tools
  • Dealing with damage variability: hazard and vulnerability factors
  • Other challenges in damage assessment
  • Damage assessment worldwide: a critical overview
  • Exporting methods: suitable features
  • Implementing tools: the case of Sondrio
  • The stakeholder perspective
  • Damage to buildings
  • The hazard estimation
  • The exposure estimation
  • The damage assessment
  • Damage to lifelines
  • The "weight" of neglected components
  • First-aid, emergency and warning costs
  • The local database RaSDa
  • The analysis of data
  • The damage estimation
  • Results: discussion and generalisation
  • The role of scientific uncertainty
  • Conclusions
  • Bibliography 4 Warning, emergency management and damage reduction The effects of warning on expected damages
  • Assessment methods: how actual damages can be evaluated? The "event-tree" approach
  • Implementing tools: the case of Sondrio
  • The performance index
  • The actual damage estimation
  • The effect of bridge gates
  • The effect of individual actions
  • The forecast value assessment
  • Results: discussion and generalisation
  • The role of scientific uncertainty
  • Conclusions
  • Bibliography
  • Actual damage estimation: a real implementation of the event-tree approach
  • The Gippsland flood
  • The Maitland and Newcastle flood
  • Final remarks
  • Bibliography Conclusion: Summary of contents and critical discussion Summary of contents
  • Critical discussion
  • Bibliography

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この本の情報

書名 Flood Early Warning Systems : Knowledge and Tools for Their Critical Assessment
著作者等 Ballio, F.
Menoni, S.
Molinari, D.
書名別名 Knowledge and Tools for Their Critical Assessment
出版元 WIT Press
刊行年月 2013.05.28
ISBN 9781845646899
言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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