The boundaries of pure morphology : diachronic and synchronic perspectives

edited by Silvio Cruschina, Martin Maiden, John Charles Smith

This book brings together leading international scholars to consider whether in some languages there are phenomena which are unique to morphology, determined neither by phonology or syntax. Central to these phenomena is the notion of the 'morphome', conceived by Mark Aronoff in 1994 as a function, itself lacking form and meaning but which serves systematically to relate them. The classic examples of morphomes are determined neither phonologically or morphosyntactically, and appear to be an autonomous property of the synchronic organization of morphological paradigms. The nature of the morphome is a problematic and much debated issue at the centre of current research in morphology, partly because it is defined negatively as what remains after all attempts to assign putatively morphomic phenomena to phonological or morphosyntactic conditioning have been exhausted. However, morphomic phenomena generally originate in some kind of morphosyntactic or phonological conditioning which has been lost while their effects have endured. Quite often, vestiges of the original conditioning environment persist, and the boundary between the morphomic and extramorphological conditioning may become problematic. In a series of pioneering explorations of the diachrony of morphomes The Boundaries of Pure Morphology throws important new light on the nature of the morphome and the boundary - seen from both diachronic and synchronic perspectives - between what is and is not genuinely autonomous in morphology. Its findings will be of central interest to morphologists of all theoretical stripes as well as to all those concerned to understand the precise nature of linguistic diachrony.

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  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Stem Alternations in Swiss Rumantsch
  • 3. 'Semi-autonomous' Morphology? A Problem in the History of the Italian (and Romanian) Verb
  • 4. The Italian FINIRE Type Verbs: A case of morphomic attraction
  • 5. The Fate of the -ID(I)- Morpheme in the Central Dolomitic Ladin Varieties of Northern Italy: Variable conditioning of a morphological mechanism
  • 6. Future and Conditional in Occitan: A non-canonical morphome?
  • 7. Compositionality and Change in Conditionals and Counterfactuals in Romance
  • 8. Morphomes in Sardinian Verb Inflection
  • 9. The Roots of Language
  • 10. Morphomic Stems in the Northern Talyshi Verb: Diachrony and synchrony
  • 11. Overabundance in Diachrony: A case study
  • 12. The Morphome and Morphosyntactic/Semantic Features
  • 13. The Morphome as a Gradient Phenomenon: Evidence from Romance
  • 14. Beyond the Stem and Inflectional Morphology: An irregular pattern at the level of periphrasis
  • References
  • Index

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書名 The boundaries of pure morphology : diachronic and synchronic perspectives
著作者等 Smith, John Charles
Cruschina, Silvio
Maiden, Martin
シリーズ名 Oxford studies in diachronic and historical linguistics
出版元 Oxford University Press
刊行年月 2013
ページ数 xiii, 319 p.
大きさ 24 cm
ISBN 9780199678860
NCID BB13640571
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス