Bede : commentary on Revelation

translated with an introduction and notes by Faith Wallis

The Commentary on Revelation is Bede's first venture into Biblical exegesis -- an ambitious choice for a young monastic scholar in a newly Christianized land. Its subject matter - the climax of the great story of creation and redemption, of history and of time itself - adds to the Commentary's intrinsic importance, for these themes lie at the heart of Bede's concerns and of his achievement as a historian, exegete, scholar, and preacher. But Bede was also a man of his age. When he penned the Commentary around 703, speculation and anxiety about the end of the world was in the air. According to conventional chronology, almost 6000 years had passed since creation. If for God 'one day...is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day' (2 Peter 3:8), the world was destined to last six millennia, corresponding to the six days of creation. The end, then, was close. Bede vigorously opposed the temptation to calculate the time of the end. The Commentary argues that Revelation is not a literal prophecy, but a symbolic reflection on the perennial struggle of the Church in this world. At the same time, the young Bede is starting to shape his own account of how the end-times would unfold. This translation, prefaced by a substantial Introduction, will be of interest to students of medieval religious and cultural history, of Anglo-Saxon England, and of the history of Biblical exegesis in the Middle Ages.

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The Commentary on Revelation is Bede's first venture into Biblical exegesis -- an ambitious choice for a young monastic scholar in a newly Christianized land. Its subject matter - the climax of the great story of creation and redemption, of history and of time itself - adds to the Commentary's intrinsic importance, for these themes lie at the heart of Bede's concerns and of his achievement as a historian, exegete, scholar, and preacher. But Bede was also a man of his age. When he penned the Commentary around 703, speculation and anxiety about the end of the world was in the air. According to conventional chronology, almost 6000 years had passed since creation. If for God 'one day...is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day' (2 Peter 3:8), the world was destined to last six millennia, corresponding to the six days of creation. The end, then, was close. Bede vigorously opposed the temptation to calculate the time of the end. The Commentary argues that Revelation is not a literal prophecy, but a symbolic reflection on the perennial struggle of the Church in this world. At the same time, the young Bede is starting to shape his own account of how the end-times would unfold. This translation, prefaced by a substantial Introduction, will be of interest to students of medieval religious and cultural history, of Anglo-Saxon England, and of the history of Biblical exegesis in the Middle Ages.

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[目次]

  • Acknowledgements Abbreviations Introduction 1. Bede and the Latin Tradition of Exegesis of Revelation 1.1 The Roots of Bede's Major Exegetical Theme 1.2 Victorinus of Pettau 1.3 Apocalyptic Retreats and Revivals in the Fourth Century 1.4 Tyconius 1.5 The Tyconian Tradition from Augustine to the End of the Sixth Century 2. Bede's Immediate Sources and How He Used Them 2.1 'Commaticum interpretandi genus' 2.2 A Mosaic of Quotations 2.3 Reconstructing Bede's Use of Tyconius 2.4 The Occlusion of Primasius 2.5 Did Bede Read Caesarius? 2.6 Bede's Borrowings from Augustine 2.7 Bede Reads Jerome and Gregory 2.8 Was Bede's Exegesis Influenced by Visual Sources? 2.9 Bede and the Text of the Bible 3. Date and Circumstances of Composition 3.1 The Significance of the Date of Composition 3.2 The Commentary on Revelation and the Preface to the Commentary on Acts 3.3 Obstrepentes causae? 3.4 An Apocalyptic Eighth Century? 4. Shape and Style of the Commentary on Revelation 4.1 The Poem of Bede the Priest 4.2 Bede's Preface: The Structure of Revelation and the 'periochae' 4.3 Bede's Preface: The Methodological Framework 4.4. The Unscheduled Future: How Bede Shapes the Meaning of Revelation 4.5 Judgement and Reform 5. Bede's Commentary on Revelation: Transmission and Translation 5.1 Transmission in Manuscript 5.2 The Commentary in Print 5.3 Principles Governing the Present Translation Bede: Commentary on Revelation The Poem of Bede the Priest Preface Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 Appendix: The capitula lectionum on Revelation Ascribed to Bede Select Bibliography Index of Sources and Parallels General Index

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[目次]

  • Acknowledgements Abbreviations Introduction 1. Bede and the Latin Tradition of Exegesis of Revelation 1.1 The Roots of Bede's Major Exegetical Theme 1.2 Victorinus of Pettau 1.3 Apocalyptic Retreats and Revivals in the Fourth Century 1.4 Tyconius 1.5 The Tyconian Tradition from Augustine to the End of the Sixth Century 2. Bede's Immediate Sources and How He Used Them 2.1 'Commaticum interpretandi genus' 2.2 A Mosaic of Quotations 2.3 Reconstructing Bede's Use of Tyconius 2.4 The Occlusion of Primasius 2.5 Did Bede Read Caesarius? 2.6 Bede's Borrowings from Augustine 2.7 Bede Reads Jerome and Gregory 2.8 Was Bede's Exegesis Influenced by Visual Sources? 2.9 Bede and the Text of the Bible 3. Date and Circumstances of Composition 3.1 The Significance of the Date of Composition 3.2 The Commentary on Revelation and the Preface to the Commentary on Acts 3.3 Obstrepentes causae? 3.4 An Apocalyptic Eighth Century? 4. Shape and Style of the Commentary on Revelation 4.1 The Poem of Bede the Priest 4.2 Bede's Preface: The Structure of Revelation and the 'periochae' 4.3 Bede's Preface: The Methodological Framework 4.4. The Unscheduled Future: How Bede Shapes the Meaning of Revelation 4.5 Judgement and Reform 5. Bede's Commentary on Revelation: Transmission and Translation 5.1 Transmission in Manuscript 5.2 The Commentary in Print 5.3 Principles Governing the Present Translation Bede: Commentary on Revelation The Poem of Bede the Priest Preface Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 Appendix: The capitula lectionum on Revelation Ascribed to Bede Select Bibliography Index of Sources and Parallels General Index

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この本の情報

書名 Bede : commentary on Revelation
著作者等 Bede, the Venerable, Saint
Wallis Faith
シリーズ名 Translated texts for historians
出版元 Liverpool University Press
刊行年月 2013
ページ数 xv, 343 p.
大きさ 21 cm
ISBN 9781846318443
9781846318450
NCID BB12675898
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
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