Distinctive Rorschach profiles of young adults with schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder.

OBJECTIVE: The differential diagnosis of schizophrenia (SZ) versus autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be clinically challenging because accumulating evidence suggests both clinical and biological overlaps between them. The aim of this study was to compare Rorschach profiles between young adults with SZ and those with ASD. METHODS: We evaluated quantitative tendencies on the Rorschach test among 20 patients diagnosed with SZ and 20 diagnosed with ASD. Both groups were matched for age, sex, and intelligence quotient. RESULTS: We found significant differences in six response variables on the Rorschach comprehensive system. Those with SZ had significantly higher scores on D score, adjusted D score (Adj D), developmental quality code reflecting ordinary response (DQo), and form quality minus (FQ -) than those with ASD. In contrast, those with SZ had significantly lower scores on the active and developmental quality code reflecting synthesized response (DQ+) subscales than those with ASD. CONCLUSION: The present findings reveal that individuals with SZ might have more stress tolerance, stronger perception distortions, and simpler and poorer recognition than those with ASD. We suggest that the Rorschach test might be a useful tool for differentiating between SZ and ASD.;博士(医学)・乙第1386号・平成28年11月24日;© 2016 Kishimoto et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms (https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php).;The definitive version is available at " https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S116223 ";開始ページ : 2403;終了ページ : 2410;PubMed番号 : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27703357

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書名 Distinctive Rorschach profiles of young adults with schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder.
著作者等 Iida Junzo
International Neuropsychiatric Assoc
Kimoto Sohei
Kishimoto Toshifumi
Kyo Masanori
Ota Toyosaku
Tanaka Shohei
Yamamuro Kazuhiko
Kishimoto Naoko
書名別名 青年期の統合失調症と自閉スペクトラム症のロールシャッハ・テスト反応の相違
出版元 Dove Press
刊行年月 c2005-
ページ数 v.
ISSN 11766328
NCID AA12157821
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言語 英語
出版国 ニュージーランド
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