SAHA Suppresses Peritoneal Fibrosis in Mice

Objective: Long-term peritoneal dialysis causes peritoneal fibrosis in submesothelial areas. However, the mechanism of peritoneal fibrosis is unclear. Epigenetics is the mechanism to induce heritable changes without any changes in DNA sequences. Among epigenetic modifications, histone acetylation leads to the transcriptional activation of genes. Recent studies indicate that histone acetylation is involved in the progression of fibrosis. Therefore, we examined the effect of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, on the progression of peritoneal fibrosis in mice. Methods: Peritoneal fibrosis was induced by the injection of chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) into the peritoneal cavity of mice every other day for 3 weeks. SAHA, or a dimethylsulfoxide and saline vehicle, was administered subcutaneously every day from the start of the CG injections for 3 weeks. Morphologic peritoneal changes were assessed by Masson's trichrome staining, and fibrosis-associated factors were assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results: In CG-injected mice, a marked thickening of the submesothelial compact zone was observed. In contrast, the administration of SAHA suppressed the progression of submesothelial thickening and type III collagen accumulation in CG-injected mice. The numbers of fibroblast-specific protein-1–positive cells and α-smooth muscle actin α–positive cells were significantly decreased in the CG + SAHA group compared to that of the CG group. The level of histone acetylation was reduced in the peritoneum of the CG group, whereas it was increased in the CG +SAHA group. Conclusions: Our results indicate that SAHA can suppress peritoneal thickening and fibrosis in mice through up-regulation of histone acetylation. These results suggest that SAHA may have therapeutic potential for treating peritoneal fibrosis.;開始ページ : 246;終了ページ : 258;元資料の権利情報 : © 2015 International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis

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書名 SAHA Suppresses Peritoneal Fibrosis in Mice
著作者等 牟田 久美子
書名別名 SAHAがマウスの腹膜線維化を抑制する
出版元 Multimed Inc.
刊行年月 c1988-
ページ数 v.
ISSN 08968608
NCID AA10703283
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 アメリカ合衆国
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