Neuroprotective effect of ceftriaxone on the penumbra in a rat venous ischemia model

OBJECTIVE: Glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) maintains low concentrations of extracellular glutamate by removing glutamate from the extracellular space. It is controversial, however, whether upregulation of GLT-1 is neuroprotective under all ischemic/hypoxic conditions. Recently, a neuroprotective effect of preconditioning with a β-lactam antibiotic ceftriaxone (CTX) that increases expression of GLT-1 has been reported in animal models of focal ischemia. On the other hand, it is said that CTX does not play a neuroprotective role in an in vitro study. Thus, we examined the effect of CTX on ischemic injury in a rat model of two-vein occlusion (2VO). This model mimics venous ischemia during, e.g. tumor surgery, a clinical situation that is best suitable for pretreatment with CTX.METHODS: CTX (100mg/kg, 200mg/kg per day) or vehicle (0.9% NaCl) was intraperitoneally injected into Wistar rats for 5days before venous ischemia (n=57). Then, animals were prepared for occlusion of two adjacent cortical veins (2VO) by photothrombosis with rose bengal that was followed by KCl-induced cortical spreading depression (CSD). Infarct volume was evaluated with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining 2days after venous occlusion. [(3)H]MK-801, [(3)H]AMPA and [(3)H]Muscimol ligand binding were examined autoradiographically in additional two groups without 2VO (n=5/group). Animals were injected either with NaCl (vehicle) or CTX 200mg/kg for 5days in order to evaluate whether NMDA, AMPA and GABAA ligand binding densities were affected.RESULTS: CTX pretreatment reduced infarct volume compared to vehicle pretreatment (p<0.05). The effect of CTX pretreatment was attenuated by administration of the GLT-1 inhibitor, dihydrokainate (DHK) 30min before 2VO. CTX had no effect on the number of spontaneous spreading depressions after 2VO. Analysis of quantitative receptor autoradiography showed no statistically significant difference between rats after administration with CTX compared to control rats.CONCLUSIONS: Pretreatment with CTX has neuroprotective potential without effect on NMDA, AMPA and GABAA receptor density and spontaneous spreading depression. This effect can be abolished by GLT-1 inhibition, indicating that upregulation of GLT-1 is an important mechanism for neuroprotective action in penumbra-like conditions, e.g. if neurosurgeons plan to occlude cerebral veins during tumor surgery.;博士(医学)・乙第1320号・平成25年11月27日;開始ページ : 1;終了ページ : 10;PubMed番号 :



書名 Neuroprotective effect of ceftriaxone on the penumbra in a rat venous ischemia model
著作者等 International Brain Research Organization
Alessandr Beat
Frauenknecht Katrin
Heimann Axel
Kempski Oliver
Nishimura Fumihiko
Sommer Clemens
Inui Toshitaka
書名別名 ラット静脈虚血モデ、ルにおけるペナンブラ領域でのセフトリアキソンの神経保護効果
出版元 Elsevier Science
刊行年月 1976-
ISSN 03064522
NCID AA11540865
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言語 英語
出版国 イギリス

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