Progressive exercise in the English phones

[目次]

  • CONTENTS.
  • Introduction. / 1
  • Purpose. / 1
  • Dialect. / 3
  • Divergent Pronunciations. / 7
  • The Place of Traditional Spelling. / 11
  • The Place of Kana Symbols. / 13
  • Method. / 15
  • Hints to the Teacher. / 16
  • The Phonetic Notation. / 19
  • List of Phonetic Symbols. / 20
  • R-Linking,or R-Liaison. / 26
  • Length. / 28
  • Stress. / 29
  • Intonation / 29
  • Off-Glides and Breath-Control. / 29
  • The Sign(s.f.). / 30
  • Exercises. / 31
  • INDEX TO EXERCISES.
  • 1. The two free vowels[a]and[ɔ]combined with the thirteen consonants[p],[b],[t],[d],[k],[g],[m],[n],[h],[j],[w],[s],[f]in open syllables. / 31
  • 2. The free vowel[i]combined with[p],[b],[k],[g],[m],[n],[∫]in open syllables. / 34
  • 3. The free vowel[i]combined with[h],[j],[w],[s],[t],[d]in open syllables. / 36
  • 4. The free vowel[u]combined with[p],[b],[k],[g],[m],[n],[j],[s],[∫]in open syllables. / 37
  • 5. The free vowel[ɜ]combined with the 13 consonants of Exercise 1,and contrasted with[a]. / 39
  • 6. The free vowel[u]combined with[t],[d],[h],[w]in open syllables. / 41
  • 7. The three kinetic vowels[ai],[aʋ],[ɔi]combined with the 13 consonants of Ex.1.in open syllables. / 42
  • 8. The six vowels[a],[i],[ɔ],[ai],[aʋ],[ɔi]combined with certain consonants in closed syllables,and in syllables followed by[ə]and[i]. / 44
  • 9. The kinetic vowel[ei]combined with the 13 consonants of Ex.1 in open syllables. / 54
  • 10. Selection of English words containing[ei]combined with the 13 consonants of Ex.1 in closed syllables and in syllables followed by[ə]and[i]. / 56
  • 11. The kinetic vowel[oʋ]combined with the 13 consonants of Ex.1 in open syllables. / 59
  • 12. The kinetic vowel[oʋ]contrasted with the static vowel[ɔ]. / 61
  • 13. The four consonants[f],[v],[θ],[ð]combined with various vowels in open syllables. / 66
  • 14. The four consonants[f],[v],[θ],[ð]combined with various vowels in closed syllables and in syllables followed by[ə]and[i]. / 69
  • 15. The checked vowel[ɛ]combined with the 17 consonants previously treated. / 72
  • 16. Selection of English words containing[ɛ]combined with the 17 consonants previously treated,in closed syllables and in syllables followed by[ə]and[i]. / 74
  • 17. The checked vowel[ʌ]combined with the 17 consonants previously treated. / 76
  • 18. Selection of English words containing[ʌ]combined with the 17 consonants previously treated,in closed syllables and in syllables followed by[ə]and[i]. / 78
  • 19. The checked vowel[a]combined with the 17 consonants previously treated. / 80
  • 20. Selection of English words containing[a]combined with the 17 consonants previously treated,in closed syllables and in syllables followed by[ə]and[i]. / 82
  • 21. The two sounds [t∫]and[dʒ]combined with certain vowels in open syllables. / 85
  • 22. Selection of English words containing[t∫]combined with various vowels in open syllables or in syllables followed by[ə]. / 88
  • 23. Selection of English words containing[dʒ]combined with various vowels in open syllables or in syllables folables or in syllables fo / 90
  • 24. The checked vowel[i]combined with the 19 consonants previously treated. / 92
  • 25. Selection of English words containing[i]combined with the 19 consonants previously treated,in closed syllables and in syllables followed by[ə]and[i]. / 94
  • 26. The checked vowel[ʋ]combined with the 19 consonants previously treated. / 97
  • 27. Selection of English words containing[ʋ]combined with various consonants in closed syllables and in syllables followed by[ə]and[i]. / 99
  • 28. The checked vowel[æ]combined with the 19 consonants previously treated. / 101
  • 29. Selection of English words containing[æ]combined with the 19 consonants previously treated,in closed syllables and in syllables followed by[ə]and[i]. / 103
  • 30. The four murmur-diphthongs[iə],[ɛə],[ɔə],[ʋə]combined with the 19 consonants previously treated,in open syllables. / 106
  • 31. The consonant[ŋ]combined with certain vowels and consonants in closed syllables. / 111
  • 32. The consonants [r] and [l] contrasted with each other and with[d],and combined with various vowels in open syllabes. / 113
  • 33. Selection of English words containing [r] in closed syllables or in syllables followed by [ə] and [i]. / 117
  • 34. Selection of English words containing [l] in closed syllables or in syllables followed by [ə] and [i]. / 121
  • 35. Selection of English words containing[l]in final position. / 124
  • 36. The two consonants[z]and[ʒ]combined with various vowels in open syllables,and contrasted with[dz]and[dʒ]. / 128
  • 37. The two consonants[z]and[ʒ]combined with various vowels in closed syllables and contrasted with[dz]and[dʒ]. / 132
  • 38. Selection of English words containing[z]in final position. / 134
  • 39. The obscure vowel[ə]in initial position. / 137
  • 40. The obscure vowel[i]in initial position. / 140
  • 41. Selection of words containing initial[i]. / 142

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この本の情報

書名 Progressive exercise in the English phones
著作者等 Palmer, Harold E.
Institute for Research in English Teaching, Tokyo
刊行年月 1925
言語 英語
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