Electrochemical science and technology : fundamentals and applications

Keith B. Oldham, Jan C. Myland, Alan M. Bond

Electrochemistry is a discipline of wide scientific and technological interest. Scientifically, it explores the electrical properties of materials and especially the interfaces between different kinds of matter. Technologically, electrochemistry touches our lives in many ways that few fully appreciate; for example, materials as diverse as aluminum, nylon, and bleach are manufactured electrochemically, while the batteries that power all manner of appliances, vehicles, and devices are the products of electrochemical research. Other realms in which electrochemical science plays a crucial role include corrosion, the disinfection of water, neurophysiology, sensors, energy storage, semiconductors, the physics of thunderstorms, biomedical analysis, and so on. This book treats electrochemistry as a science in its own right, albeit resting firmly on foundations provided by chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Early chapters discuss the electrical and chemical properties of materials from which electrochemical cells are constructed. The behavior of such cells is addressed in later chapters, with emphasis on the electrodes and the reactions that occur on their surfaces. The role of transport to and from electrodes is a topic that commands attention, because it crucially determines cell efficiency. Final chapters deal with voltammetry, the methodology used to investigate electrode behavior. Interspersed among the more fundamental chapters are chapters devoted to applications of electrochemistry: electrosynthesis, power sources, "green electrochemistry", and corrosion. Electrochemical Science and Technology is addressed to all who have a need to come to grips with the fundamentals of electrochemistry and to learn about some of its applications. It will constitute a text for a senior undergraduate or graduate course in electrochemistry. It also serves as a source of material of interest to scientists and technologists in various fields throughout academia, industry, and government -- chemists, physicists, engineers, environmentalists, materials scientists, biologists, and those in related endeavors. This book: Provides a background to electrochemistry, as well as treating the topic itself. Is accessible to all with a foundation in physical science, not solely to chemists. Is addressed both to students and those later in their careers. Features web links (through www.wiley.com/go/EST ) to extensive material that is of a more tangential, specialized, or mathematical nature. Includes questions as footnotes to support the reader's evolving comprehension of the material, with fully worked answers provided on the web. Provides web access to Excel (r) spreadsheets which allow the reader to model electrochemical events. Has a copious Appendix of relevant data.

「Nielsen BookData」より

Electrochemistry is a discipline of wide scientific and technological interest. Scientifically, it explores the electrical properties of materials and especially the interfaces between different kinds of matter. Technologically, electrochemistry touches our lives in many ways that few fully appreciate; for example, materials as diverse as aluminum, nylon, and bleach are manufactured electrochemically, while the batteries that power all manner of appliances, vehicles, and devices are the products of electrochemical research. Other realms in which electrochemical science plays a crucial role include corrosion, the disinfection of water, neurophysiology, sensors, energy storage, semiconductors, the physics of thunderstorms, biomedical analysis, and so on. This book treats electrochemistry as a science in its own right, albeit resting firmly on foundations provided by chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Early chapters discuss the electrical and chemical properties of materials from which electrochemical cells are constructed. The behavior of such cells is addressed in later chapters, with emphasis on the electrodes and the reactions that occur on their surfaces. The role of transport to and from electrodes is a topic that commands attention, because it crucially determines cell efficiency. Final chapters deal with voltammetry, the methodology used to investigate electrode behavior. Interspersed among the more fundamental chapters are chapters devoted to applications of electrochemistry: electrosynthesis, power sources, "green electrochemistry", and corrosion. Electrochemical Science and Technology is addressed to all who have a need to come to grips with the fundamentals of electrochemistry and to learn about some of its applications. It will constitute a text for a senior undergraduate or graduate course in electrochemistry. It also serves as a source of material of interest to scientists and technologists in various fields throughout academia, industry, and government -- chemists, physicists, engineers, environmentalists, materials scientists, biologists, and those in related endeavors. This book: Provides a background to electrochemistry, as well as treating the topic itself. Is accessible to all with a foundation in physical science, not solely to chemists. Is addressed both to students and those later in their careers. Features web links (through www.wiley.com/go/EST ) to extensive material that is of a more tangential, specialized, or mathematical nature. Includes questions as footnotes to support the reader's evolving comprehension of the material, with fully worked answers provided on the web. Provides web access to Excel (r) spreadsheets which allow the reader to model electrochemical events. Has a copious Appendix of relevant data.

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Preface xi 1 Electricity 1 Electric Charge 1 Charges at Rest 3 Capacitance and Conductance 8 Mobilities 18 Electrical Circuits 21 Alternating Electricity 23 Summary 28 2 Chemistry 29 Chemical Reactions 29 Gibbs Energy 30 Activity 33 Ionic Solutions 38 Ionic Activity Coefficients 41 Chemical Kinetics 46 Summary 52 3 Electrochemical Cells 55 Equilibrium Cells 55 Cells not at Equilibrium 60 Cells with Junctions 64 Summary 69 4 Electrosynthesis 71 Metal Production 71 The Chloralkali Industry 74 Organic Electrosynthesis 75 Electrolysis of Water 77 Selective Membranes 79 Summary 83 5 Electrochemical Power 85 Types of Electrochemical Power Source 85 Battery Characteristics 86 Primary Batteries 88 Secondary Batteries 94 Fuel Cells 100 Summary 104 6 Electrodes 105 Electrode Potentials 105 Standard Electrode Potentials 109 The Nernst Equation 111 Electrochemical Series 113 Working Electrodes 117 Summary 123 7 Electrode Reactions 125 Faraday's Law 125 Kinetics of a Simple Electron Transfer 130 Multi-step Electrode Reactions 137 Summary 144 8 Transport 145 Flux Density 145 Three Transport Modes 148 Migration 149 Diffusion 154 Diffusion and Migration 158 Convection 161 Fluxes at Electrodes and in the Bulk 165 Summary 170 9 Green Electrochemistry 171 Sensors for Pollution Control 171 Stripping Analysis 177 Electrochemical Purification of Water 182 Electrochemistry of Biological Cells 186 Summary 192 10 Electrode Polarization 193 Three Causes of Electrode Polarization 193 Ohmic Polarization 197 Kinetic Polarization 200 Transport Polarization 202 Multiple Polarizations 205 Polarizations in Two- and Three-Electrode Cells 208 Summary 212 11 Corrosion 213 Vulnerable Metals 213 Corrosion Cells 215 Electrochemical Studies 217 Concentrated Corrosion 222 Fighting Corrosion 224 Extreme Corrosion 228 Summary 229 12 Steady-State Voltammetry 231 Features of Voltammetry 232 Microelectrodes and Macroelectrodes 234 Steady-State Potential-Step Voltammetry 237 The Disk Microelectrode 245 Rotating Disk Voltammetry 248 Shapes of Reversible Voltammograms 252 Summary 258 13 The Electrode Interface 259 Double Layers 259 Adsorption 266 The Interface in Voltammetry 271 Nucleation and Growth 281 Summary 285 14 Other Interfaces 287 Semiconductor Electrodes 287 Phenomena at Liquid*Liquid Interfaces 291 Electrokinetic Phenomena 298 Summary 302 15 Electrochemistry With Periodic Signals 303 Nonfaradaic Effects of A.C. 304 Faradaic Effects of A.C. 305 Equivalent Circuits 313 A.C. Voltammetry 318 Fourier-Transform Voltammetry 322 Summary 328 16 Transient Voltammetry 329 Modeling Transient Voltammetry 329 Potential-Step Voltammetry 334 Pulse Voltammetries 339 Ramped Potentials 346 Multiple Electron Transfers 355 Chemistry Combined with Electrochemistry 357 Controlling Current Instead of Potential 362 Summary 364 Appendix 365 Glossary 365 Absolute and Relative Permittivities 382 Properties of Liquid Water 383 Contents ix Conductivities and Resistivities 384 Elements with Major Importance in Electrochemistry 386 Transport Properties 388 Standard Gibbs Energies 390 Standard Electrode Potentials 392 Index 393

「Nielsen BookData」より

[目次]

  • Preface xi 1 Electricity 1 Electric Charge 1 Charges at Rest 3 Capacitance and Conductance 8 Mobilities 18 Electrical Circuits 21 Alternating Electricity 23 Summary 28 2 Chemistry 29 Chemical Reactions 29 Gibbs Energy 30 Activity 33 Ionic Solutions 38 Ionic Activity Coefficients 41 Chemical Kinetics 46 Summary 52 3 Electrochemical Cells 55 Equilibrium Cells 55 Cells not at Equilibrium 60 Cells with Junctions 64 Summary 69 4 Electrosynthesis 71 Metal Production 71 The Chloralkali Industry 74 Organic Electrosynthesis 75 Electrolysis of Water 77 Selective Membranes 79 Summary 83 5 Electrochemical Power 85 Types of Electrochemical Power Source 85 Battery Characteristics 86 Primary Batteries 88 Secondary Batteries 94 Fuel Cells 100 Summary 104 6 Electrodes 105 Electrode Potentials 105 Standard Electrode Potentials 109 The Nernst Equation 111 Electrochemical Series 113 Working Electrodes 117 Summary 123 7 Electrode Reactions 125 Faraday's Law 125 Kinetics of a Simple Electron Transfer 130 Multi-step Electrode Reactions 137 Summary 144 8 Transport 145 Flux Density 145 Three Transport Modes 148 Migration 149 Diffusion 154 Diffusion and Migration 158 Convection 161 Fluxes at Electrodes and in the Bulk 165 Summary 170 9 Green Electrochemistry 171 Sensors for Pollution Control 171 Stripping Analysis 177 Electrochemical Purification of Water 182 Electrochemistry of Biological Cells 186 Summary 192 10 Electrode Polarization 193 Three Causes of Electrode Polarization 193 Ohmic Polarization 197 Kinetic Polarization 200 Transport Polarization 202 Multiple Polarizations 205 Polarizations in Two- and Three-Electrode Cells 208 Summary 212 11 Corrosion 213 Vulnerable Metals 213 Corrosion Cells 215 Electrochemical Studies 217 Concentrated Corrosion 222 Fighting Corrosion 224 Extreme Corrosion 228 Summary 229 12 Steady-State Voltammetry 231 Features of Voltammetry 232 Microelectrodes and Macroelectrodes 234 Steady-State Potential-Step Voltammetry 237 The Disk Microelectrode 245 Rotating Disk Voltammetry 248 Shapes of Reversible Voltammograms 252 Summary 258 13 The Electrode Interface 259 Double Layers 259 Adsorption 266 The Interface in Voltammetry 271 Nucleation and Growth 281 Summary 285 14 Other Interfaces 287 Semiconductor Electrodes 287 Phenomena at Liquid*Liquid Interfaces 291 Electrokinetic Phenomena 298 Summary 302 15 Electrochemistry With Periodic Signals 303 Nonfaradaic Effects of A.C. 304 Faradaic Effects of A.C. 305 Equivalent Circuits 313 A.C. Voltammetry 318 Fourier-Transform Voltammetry 322 Summary 328 16 Transient Voltammetry 329 Modeling Transient Voltammetry 329 Potential-Step Voltammetry 334 Pulse Voltammetries 339 Ramped Potentials 346 Multiple Electron Transfers 355 Chemistry Combined with Electrochemistry 357 Controlling Current Instead of Potential 362 Summary 364 Appendix 365 Glossary 365 Absolute and Relative Permittivities 382 Properties of Liquid Water 383 Contents ix Conductivities and Resistivities 384 Elements with Major Importance in Electrochemistry 386 Transport Properties 388 Standard Gibbs Energies 390 Standard Electrode Potentials 392 Index 393

「Nielsen BookData」より

この本の情報

書名 Electrochemical science and technology : fundamentals and applications
著作者等 Bond, A. M.
Myland, Jan C
Oldham, Keith B
Bond Alan
Myland Jan
出版元 John Wiley & Sons
刊行年月 2012
ページ数 xii, 405 p.
大きさ 25 cm
ISBN 9780470710852
9780470710845
NCID BB09608010
※クリックでCiNii Booksを表示
言語 英語
出版国 イギリス
この本を: 
このエントリーをはてなブックマークに追加

このページを印刷

外部サイトで検索

この本と繋がる本を検索

ウィキペディアから連想